The Biden Administration releases an Executive Order. The UK holds a much anticipated AI Safety Summit. The G7 agrees on an AI Code of Conduct. China is cracking down, struggling to censor AI-generated chatbots. The OECD  attempts to win an agreement on common definitions. And the European Union plows ahead with its plans for a binding AI Act.

Ever since Chat GPT burst onto the scene, AI has jumped to the top of digital policy agendas. Here are the major initiatives and analyses from CEPA and elsewhere analyzing this flurry of activity:

White House Executive Order on Artificial Intelligence

President Joseph Biden’s Executive Order on Artificial Intelligence, released on October 30, aims to put guardrails on the new technology while solidifying the US lead, including measures to attract foreign talent to Silicon Valley. Vice President Kamala Harris followed up on November 1 by announcing the creation of a new Safety Institute at the UK AI Safety Summit.

UK AI Safety Summit

The UK AI Safety Summit is the world’s first global meeting focusing on the “existential risks” of emerging technologies. It targets two types of threats: “misuse” and “loss of control.”

US Senate AI Insight Forums

Senator Chuck Schumer’s (D – NY) AI Insight Forums are designed to educate American legislators on the use, pitfalls, and benefits of artificial intelligence. The third and fourth gatherings of private sector and civil society leaders were happening on November 1. But Congress is yet to consider significant AI legislation with a binding impact.

  • CEPA Analysis
  • Top Takeaways
    • The closed-door briefings focused on Workforce (Meeting 4), High Impact AI (Meeting 3), Innovation (Meeting 2), and Elections & Security (Meeting 1).
    • The Forums are designed to educate US Senators so they can introduce sensible and pragmatic legislation.
  • Further Reading
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G7 at Hiroshima, Japan

At the Hiroshima meeting of the Group of Seven (G7) in May 2023, the leaders of the world’s largest democracies agreed to work on AI principles and a Code of Conduct. But the G7 has no binding powers and critics see its code as the lowest common denominator.


China has rolled out detailed regulations governing artificial intelligence, including measures governing recommendation algorithms as well as new rules for synthetically generated images and chatbots. Western critics see the moves as an attempt to control the new technology, with some predicting AI chatbots will challenge censorship.

OECD AI Principles

The Paris-based Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), set out its Principles for Artificial Intelligence in May of 2019. The principles are designed to create responsible and transparent AI systems that uphold democratic values. But they remain principles, not concrete measures.


While some organize summits or voluntary codes of conduct, the European Union is in the final stages of wrapping up the world’s first major binding AI legislation. After Chat GPT emerged, the European Parliament expanded the law’s scope to include foundation models rather than specific applications. Critics fear a regulatory overkill that will hurt European competitiveness.

Expect more initiatives, regulations, codes, and events. On the first day of the UK Summit, Britain’s tech Secretary, Michelle Donelan, announced that the next AI Safety Summit will be held in South Korea in six months, and a third summit will be held in France in late 2024.

Clara Riedl-Riedenstein is an intern at CEPA’s Digital Innovation Initiative.

Bill Echikson is a non-resident CEPA Senior Fellow and editor of Bandwidth.

Eduardo Castellet Nogués is a Program Assistant at CEPA’s Digital Innovation Initiative.

Bandwidth is CEPA’s online journal dedicated to advancing transatlantic cooperation on tech policy. All opinions are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the position or views of the institutions they represent or the Center for European Policy Analysis.

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