CEPA

Security and Defense

In an increasingly contested world, the transatlantic community must develop innovative policy solutions to ensure our collective defense and future security. The transatlantic community must work together as allies to overcome today and tomorrow’s most pressing security challenges.

Russia’s Militarization of the Black Sea: Implications for the United States and NATO

By: Ben Hodges, Steven Horrell, Ivanna Kuz & more…

Russia’s militarization of the Black Sea over the last decade has destabilized the region. Now is the time for the US and NATO to reverse it.

September 22, 2022
Learn More
Get the Latest
Get regular emails and stay informed about our work

Related Experts

Aaron Allen

Fellow
Read Bio

Federico Borsari

Leonardo Fellow
Read Bio

James Foggo

Distinguished Fellow
Read Bio

James Hasik

Senior Fellow
Read Bio

Joel Hickman

Deputy Director, Transatlantic Defense and Security
Read Bio

Steven Horrell

Senior Fellow
Read Bio

Jason Israel

Fellow
Read Bio

Jan Kallberg

Senior Fellow
Read Bio

Scott Kindsvater

Distinguished Fellow
Read Bio

Philip Kosnett

Senior Fellow
Read Bio

Ivanna Kuz

Program Assistant, Transatlantic Defense and Security
Read Bio

Borja Lasheras

Senior Fellow
Read Bio

Edward Lucas

Senior Fellow
Read Bio

Brian Michelson

Senior Fellow
Read Bio

Nicholas Nelson

Senior Fellow for Emerging Tech and Policy
Read Bio

Katarzyna Pisarska

Senior Fellow
Read Bio

Alina Polyakova

President & CEO
Read Bio

Andrew R. Novo

Senior Fellow
Read Bio

Hanna Shelest

Senior Fellow
Read Bio

Joanna van der Merwe

Fellow
Read Bio

Krista Viksnins

Program Assistant, Transatlantic Defense and Security Program
Read Bio

Kurt Volker

Distinguished Fellow
Read Bio

Mark Voyger

Senior Fellow
Read Bio

Explore More

Transatlantic Defense and Security

Securing Tomorrow Together

Explore
Defense Technology Initiative

Leveraging Technology for Our Collective Defense

Explore
Photo: A Ukrainian soldier poses next to a destroyed Russian tank in Malaya Rohan village, amid Russia's attack on Ukraine, near Kharkiv, Ukraine, May 5, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Ricardo Moraes.
Russia Suffers a Torrent of Battlefield Defeats
October 6, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: Exercises of the Collective Forces of the CSTO "Interaction-2022", "Poisk-2022", "Echelon-2022", Kazakhstan, October 3-7, 2022. Credit CSTO Website. https://odkb-csto.org/photogallery/618/
The Russian Double — Defeat and Decline
October 5, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: An activist holds up an artwork depicting Belarusian President Aleksander Lukashenko as they attend a rally in support of the Belarusian anti-government movement and detained blogger Roman Protasevich, in front of the Ministry of Foreign affairs in Kyiv, Ukraine May 28, 2021. Credit: REUTERS/Gleb Garanich
Lukashenka Plays Russian Roulette
October 4, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Europe's Edge Regional Security Rule of Law
Photo: KYIV, UKRAINE - JULY 18, 2022 - Soldiers carry the coffin covered with a Ukrainian flag with the body of the 93rd Independent Kholodnyi Yar Mechanized Brigade serviceman known by his nom de guerre 'Fanat' after a memorial service at St Michael's Cathedral, Kyiv, capital of Ukraine. Credit: Pavlo_Bagmut via Reuters Connect
Blood Money — Calculating Russia’s Debt to Ukraine
October 3, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Civil Society Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: Steam is seen from the cooling towers of German RWE Power AG during sunset time in Weisweiler; Germany on March 24, 2022 Credit: Photo by Ying Tang/NurPhoto
The Energy Winter War
October 3, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Europe's Edge Regional Security Sanctions
Photo: Members of the local Russian diaspora in Krakow are seen during a silent anti-war demonstration and protest against Vladimir Putin and the war with Ukraine at the Adam Mickiewicz Monument in Krakow's Main Square. On Sunday, October 02, 2022, in Krakow, Poland. Credit: Artur Widak/NurPhoto
Dealing with Defeat
October 2, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: An ethnic Armenian soldier fires an artillery piece during a military conflict over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh, in this handout picture released October 5, 2020. Picture released October 5, 2020. Credit: Press office of Armenian Defense Ministry/PAN Photo/Handout via REUTERS
Russia-China Axis Smiles on Disorder
September 29, 2022
China Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: Passengers arrived on a train from Odesa via Lviv in Ukraine to the railway station in Przemysl, Poland on February 24, 2022. The Russian invasion of Ukraine can cause a mass exodus of refugees to Poland. Credit: Photo by Beata Zawrzel/NurPhoto.
Tech Rallies to Rescue Ukraine
September 29, 2022
Bandwidth Hybrid Threats National Security and Intelligence Russia Technology & Innovation
Photo: Russia, Moscow, 2019/02/28. A clock with the image of Vladimir Putin in a souvenir shop. Credit: Photography by Myriam Tirler / Hans Lucas.
Russie, Moscou, le 2019/02/28. Une horloge a l effigie de Vladimir Poutine dans une boutique de souvenir. Photographie de Myriam Tirler / Hans Lucas.
Russia’s Playing the Waiting Game, Applebaum Says
September 28, 2022
Authoritarian Threats CEPA Forum Democracy Europe's Edge Regional Security
Charity Begins with Drones: Funding Ukraine’s Resistance
September 28, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Emerging technology Europe's Edge Regional Security
War in Ukraine Will Decide World’s Future: Reznikov
September 28, 2022
Authoritarian Threats CEPA Forum Europe's Edge Regional Security
Russia's President Vladimir Putin and China's Xi Jinping walk down the stairs as they arrive for a BRICS summit in Brasilia, Brazil November 14, 2019.
West Must Awake to Russia-China Alliance, EU Warns
September 28, 2022
Authoritarian Threats CEPA Forum Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman holds a press availability at the U.S. Department of State in Washington, D.C., on November 17, 2021. Credit: U.S. Department of State via Flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/statephotos/51686916751/in/photolist-2mKoXB6-2mKssAf-2kT6d3X-2nhk1KX-2n8ZQn7-2m21eS1-2kT3k5Q-2nbfGHX-2nxRC3m-2mYrV3Q-2m68xon-2nxT1BF-2m22fJV-2mVCwZ6-2nxRGLX-2mJ13Qy-2mHWMZA-2m25Wsh-2njLFFr-2mNm2wq-2nxLsYA-2nxT1qd-2mVWJiG-2mYtJRr-2nadLqw-2mfd6yi-2mNfAjW-2nxT1t9-2mwZYmP-2mYvGw8-2mVVu4q-2mHWMtF-2mKzfpB-2mHZ4oy-2mwS9pt-2n2AaeK-2mHVxFW-2mrJJLp-2mHZ4pf-2mNudvb-2mNxzJL-2mJ11HT-2mJTxtk-2mNrHTr-2n2BSMt-2mHZ3Ux-2mK1EzB-2mJ12Nt-2mHWLYT-2mK1TgP
US Will Stay the Course on Ukraine: Sherman
September 28, 2022
Authoritarian Threats CEPA Forum Democracy Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: Reservists drafted during the partial mobilisation attend a ceremony before departure for military bases, in Sevastopol, Crimea September 27, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Alexey Pavlishak
Putin’s Dangerous Bet
September 27, 2022
CEPA Forum Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: Ukrainian servicemen prepare to fire a mortar on the front line, as Russia's attack on Ukraine continues, in Donetsk region, Ukraine August 29, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Stringer
Crimea in Ukraine’s Crosshairs, Say US Generals
September 27, 2022
Black Sea CEPA Forum Europe's Edge NATO Regional Security Russia
Photo: Matteo Salvini of "Lega" political party, Silvio Berlusconi of “Forza Italia" party, Giorgia Meloni of “Fratelli d'Italia" party attend the political meeting organized by the right-wing political alliance (Forza Italia, Lega and Fratelli d'Italia) as part of the electoral closure for the Italian general election, on September 22, 2022 in Rome, Italy. Italians head to the polls for general elections on September 25, 2022. Credit: Riccardo Fabi/NurPhoto
What Next for Italian Foreign Policy?
September 27, 2022
Europe's Edge NATO Regional Security Sanctions
Photo: A man carries a bag on his head as travellers from Russia cross the border to Georgia at the Zemo Larsi/Verkhny Lars station, Georgia September 26, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Irakli Gedenidze
Russians Dash for the Exits
September 27, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Civil Society Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: Russian conscripts, wearing military uniforms, are seen at a local railway station before the departure for the garrisons in Omsk, Russia November 21, 2019. Credit: REUTERS/Alexey Malgavko
Putin Gambles on Winter and Orbán 
September 27, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Europe's Edge Regional Security Sanctions
Photo: 2022.06.01 Irpien, Ukraine | A visit to the site of war damage. Credit: Krystian Maj/KPRM via Flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/premierrp/52113498557/in/photolist-2np6inH-2np6ivP-2npeafY-2n1m1Cn-2npeaea-2npbyHM-2n1gbhd-2n1ptj1-2npcPYC-2npcQ1S-2np6itV-2npcPWi-2npeahw-2npbLk1-2n1nGhU-2n1nGgg-2n1poGW-2n1nGgG-2n1mqW4-2n1poJu-2n1poKb
‘Intoxicated’ West Guilty of Russia Errors, Says Polish Premier
September 27, 2022
Authoritarian Threats CEPA Forum Europe's Edge NATO Regional Security
Photo: Krišjānis Kariņš attends a meeting with the EU and NATO about Latvia's energy independence. Credit: @krisjaniskarins via Twitter https://twitter.com/krisjaniskarins/status/1562090221830799360/photo/3
Energy Costs the Price of Freedom, Latvia’s Kariņš Says
September 27, 2022
Authoritarian Threats CEPA Forum Europe's Edge Regional Security Sanctions
Photo: March 26, 2019: Boundary post on Snake Island (Zmiinyi Island), Black Sea, Odessa, Ukraine, Eastern Europe. Credit Image: © Andrey Nekrasov/ZUMA Press Wire
The Strategic Importance of Snake Island
September 27, 2022
Black Sea Defense Innovation Regional Security Russia
Photo: A computer console on board a NATO Boeing 707 E-3A AWACS. These aircraft are patrolling Allied airspace in Eastern Europe, in the wake of Russia’s attack on Ukraine. NATO’s Boeing E-3A Airborne Warning & Control System aircraft has a distinctive radar dome mounted on the fuselage which allows the crew to survey an area of more than 310,798 square kilometers, or about the size of Poland. Credit: NATO
Elevating Our Edge: A Path to Integrating Emerging and Disruptive Technologies
September 27, 2022
Cybersecurity Defense Innovation Emerging technology National Security and Intelligence NATO
Photo: A conscript, wearing a military uniform, looks on inside a train carriage at a local railway station during departure for the garrisons, in Omsk, Russia June 17, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Alexey Malgavko
Rusty Guns
September 27, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: Volodymyr Zelenskyy, President of Ukraine, (on screen) addresses the Security Council Meeting on Maintenance of Peace and Security of Ukraine. Credit: UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe
Expelling Russia from the UN Security Council — a How-to Guide
September 26, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Europe's Edge Regional Security Rule of Law
Photo: Airmen and civilians from the 436th Aerial Port Squadron prepare cargo in support of Ukraine at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware. Credit: US Department of Defense via Twitter
A Western Strategy for Ukraine: Part 2
September 26, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Europe's Edge NATO Regional Security
Photo: Russian soldiers exercise with the Teikovsky missile unit. Credit: Russian Ministry of Defence
All Bluff? Russia’s Nuclear Threats
September 24, 2022
Europe's Edge Hybrid Threats NATO Regional Security Russia
Photo: Finland participated as an observer member in all parts of the NATO Military Committee meeting together with the commanders of the member states. Credit: Chief of the Finnish Defense Forces via Twitter @Finnchod
Finland Gets Russia: So Listen
September 23, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Europe's Edge NATO Regional Security
Photo: Moscow, Russia. 2 November 2018. Russian President Vladimir Putin addresses a gala event to mark the centenary of the Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Russia known as the GRU at the Russian Army Theatre Credit: Planetpix/Alamy Live News
Putin Gambles His Future on Mobilization
September 23, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Civil Society Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: Lieutenant General Oleksandr Syrsky shakes the hand of President Zelenskyy. Credit: @armyinformcomua via Twitter
The Ukrainian General Behind Putin’s Defeats
September 23, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Europe's Edge Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: Meeting of the Presidents of Iran and Russia. Credit: Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran Website.
Iran and Russia Seek New Sanctions Evasion Corridor
September 22, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Emerging technology Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: SEVASTOPOL, RUSSIA - JUNE 12, 2021: A serviceman stands by the Black Sea as he attends a celebration of Russia Day. Credit: Alexei Pavlishak/TASS
Russia’s Militarization of the Black Sea: Implications for the United States and NATO
September 22, 2022
Black Sea Defense Innovation NATO Regional Security Russia
Photo: Russian Marine Corps conscripts stand in formation in front of Soviet Navy flags as they take the oath in the Black Sea port of Sevastopol, Crimea December 9, 2017. Credit: REUTERS/Pavel Rebrov
Russia’s Military Manpower Crunch Will Worsen
September 21, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Europe's Edge National Security and Intelligence Regional Security
Photo: The Government of the Netherlands, the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court and the European Commission are hosting an Ukraine Accountability Conference at ministerial level at the World Forum in The Hague, The Netherlands, on 14 July 2022. Credit: Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs 2022
Justice Demands the Arraignment of Russia’s Guilty Men
September 21, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Europe's Edge Regional Security Rule of Law
Photo: Parlement Européen, Strasbourg, France. Credit: Antoine Schibler via Unsplash.
Democracies United Versus Illiberalism
September 21, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Europe's Edge Regional Security Rule of Law
Photo: Russian President Vladimir Putin speaks with Chinese President Xi Jinping before an extended-format meeting of heads of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit (SCO) member states in Samarkand, Uzbekistan September 16, 2022. Credit: Sputnik/Sergey Bobylev/Pool via REUTERS
After Putin
September 20, 2022
China Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: Meeting of the leaders of the CSTO member states, dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the signing of the Collective Security Treaty and the 20th anniversary of the creation of the CSTO. Credit: CSTO Website. https://en.odkb-csto.org/photogallery/605/
Russian Power Wanes in the Borderlands
September 19, 2022
Europe's Edge National Security and Intelligence Regional Security Russia
Photo: Russian conscripts attend a ceremony before their departure for garrisons, in Omsk, Russia June 17, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Alexey Malgavko
Putin’s Options Dwindle Despite ‘Coffin Money’
September 16, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: The IAEA Support and Assistance Mission to Zaporizhzhya (ISAMZ) arrives at the Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant in Ukraine, comprising IAEA nuclear safety, security, and safeguards staff. 1 September 2022. Credit: Fredrik Dahl / IAEA
Time to Confront Russia’s Nuclear Recklessness in Ukraine
September 15, 2022
Europe's Edge Hybrid Threats Regional Security Russia
Photo: Servicemen of the Ukrainian National Guard take positions in central Kyiv, Ukraine February 25, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Gleb Garanich
Russia’s Military — Losing the Will to Fight
September 15, 2022
Authoritarian Threats Europe's Edge Regional Security
New Fighting Flares in the South Caucasus
September 13, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security
The War of Putin’s Defeat
September 13, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan addresses parliament following an escalation in hostilities over the Nagorno-Karabakh region along the border of Armenia with Azerbaijan, in Yerevan, Armenia, September 13, 2022. Credit: Tigran Mehrabyan/PAN Photo via REUTERS ATTENTION EDITORS - THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. MANDATORY CREDIT.
New Fighting Flares in the South Caucasus
September 13, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: A flag of Abkhazia is on display inside a car in the town of Tkvarcheli, some 50 km (31 miles) southeast of Sukhumi, the capital of Georgia's breakaway region of Abkhazia December 27, 2013. The territory of Abkhazia is located several miles southwest of the border with Russia and the Olympic Park in the Adler district of the Black Sea resort city of Sochi which will host the 2014 Winter Olympic Games in February. Abkhaz separatists fought Georgian government forces in 1992-1993, after which the breakaway region declared independence. Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, Vanuatu and Tuvalu recognized Abkhazia as an independent state while all other countries regard it as a Georgian province, according to local media. Picture taken December 27, 2013. Credit: REUTERS/Maxim Shemetov.
Russia’s Caucasian Vassals Learn a Hard Lesson
September 9, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: Duga zone, Chernobyl, Ukraine. Credit: Yves Alarie via Unsplash.
For Russia, Nuclear Plants Are Nuclear Bombs
September 9, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: Bosnia and Herzegovina and the People's Republic of China's flags in a cafe in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Credit: Masha Borak, Twitter, August 27, 2022.
Chinese Influence in Bosnia and Herzegovina
September 7, 2022
17+1 China Regional Security
Photo: Ukrainian soldier flying a flag in celebration of Ukrainian Independence Day. Credit: Arsen Petrov via Twitter @ArsenPetrovAlex.
Ukraine Is Winning
September 6, 2022
Defense Innovation Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: Police stand blocking people taking part in a right-wing protest against increasing energy prices and rising living expenses in Leipzig, Germany, September 5, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Christian Mang
Germany’s War-Induced Energiewende — a Crisis With Benefits
September 6, 2022
Emerging technology Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: MOSCOW, RUSSIA – DECEMBER 28, 2021: A Memorial society supporter and law enforcement officers are seen outside the Russian Supreme Court during a hearing of arguments of the Russian Prosecutor General's Office and international public organization Memorial Society (a non-profit organization declared a foreign agent in Russia). Earlier, the Russian Prosecutor General's Office filed a motion to disband the international public organization Memorial Society (a non-profit organization declared a foreign agent in Russia) and its subdivisions for violating the 'Foreign Agent' law. Founded in 1989, Memorial is an international historical society researching the political repressions and monitoring human rights in the present-day Russia and other post-Soviet states. The Memorial Society was declared a foreign agent in 2016.Credit: Gavriil Grigorov/TASS.
Russia’s Multiplying War Problems
September 6, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
A man holds China's flag next to Serbia's flag as a plane transporting one million doses of Sinopharm's China National Biotec Group (CNBG) vaccines for the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) arrives at Nikola Tesla Airport in Belgrade, Serbia, January 16, 2021. REUTERS/Marko Djurica
Chinese Influence in Serbia
September 2, 2022
17+1 China Regional Security
Photo: People gather to mourn the death of Belarusian anti-government protester Roman Bondarenko, who was allegedly beaten by the country's security forces in Minsk, outside the Belarusian embassy in Kyiv, Ukraine November 13, 2020. A placard displays images depicting Russian President Vladimir Putin and Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko. Credit: REUTERS/Valentyn Ogirenko
Might Putin Annex Belarus?
September 1, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Rule of Law Russia
Photo: Ukrainian servicemen fire a 2S7 Pion self-propelled gun at a position in Donetsk region, as Russia's attack on Ukraine continues, Ukraine August 26, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Sofiia Gatilova
Ukraine Rolls the Dice in Kherson Offensive
August 31, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: National flags of China and Bulgaria flutter on a lamppost in front of the Tian'anmen Rostrum during the visit of Bulgarian president Rumen Radev to China in Beijing, China, 2 July 2019. At the invitation of President Xi Jinping, President Rumen Radev (Radev) of Bulgaria is paying a state visit to China from July 1 to 5, during which he attended the 13th Summer Davos. The traditional friendship between the two countries has continued to grow. At present, the two sides have maintained close cooperation at all levels, achieving notable results in cooperation in areas such as economy, trade, agriculture, and deepened people-to-people and cultural exchanges, setting a good example for country-to-country relations. Credit: Credit: Oriental Image via Reuters Connect
Chinese Influence in Bulgaria
August 31, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: Swiss President Ignazio Cassis, Minister of Foreign Affairs, left, gives his national statement next to Ukrainian Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal, during the Ukraine Recovery Conference URC, Tuesday, July 5, 2022 in Lugano, Switzerland. The URC is organised to initiate the political process for the recovery of Ukraine after the attack of Russia to its territory. Credit: KEYSTONE/EDA/Alessandro della Valle
A Western Strategy for Ukraine
August 31, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: JAS 39 E Gripen being flown on Swedish Air Force Day. Credit @soldfcom via Instagram.
The Swedish Fighter Pilot Crisis
August 30, 2022
Europe's Edge NATO Regional Security
Photo: A Ukrainian serviceman jumps from a military vehicle near a frontline in Mykolaiv region, as Russia's attack on Ukraine continues, Ukraine August 10, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Anna Kudriavtseva TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
Ukraine’s Offensive — What to Look For
August 30, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia Security & Defense
Photo: North Macedonia's independence day celebration. Credit: Reuters
Chinese Influence in North Macedonia
August 30, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
https://149825205.v2.pressablecdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/08/2022-07-21T193820Z_1685183003_RC2EGV9I7AU1_RTRMADP_3_UKRAINE-CRISIS-KHARKIV-REGION.jpg
Ukraine’s ‘War of the Bridges’ Begins With Southern Push
August 29, 2022
Defense Innovation Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: Russian President Vladimir Putin (C), Russia's Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu (R) and Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB) Director Alexander Bortnikov watch events marking Victory Day, in Sevastopol May 9, 2014. Putin flew in to Crimea on Friday, marking the Soviet victory in World War Two and proclaiming the success of the peninsula's seizure from a Ukraine that Russia says has been taken over by fascists. Credit: REUTERS/Alexei Druzhinin/RIA Novosti/Kremlin
Red Hands, Red Faces
August 29, 2022
Europe's Edge National Security and Intelligence Russia
Photo: Turkish Bayraktars TB2 were dressed in Ukrainians vyshyvanka. Credit: Rustem Umerov via Twitter @rustem_umerov.
The Drone That Won Ukrainian Hearts
August 29, 2022
Civil Society Defense Innovation Europe's Edge
Photo: Meeting of the Presidents of Iran and Russia. Credit: Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran Website.
The Empires Strike Back: A New Age of Imperialism
August 29, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: KALININGRAD, RUSSIA - FEBRUARY 24, 2022: A woman walks past a digital board displaying the current rates outside a currency exchange office. As of 10am, the Moscow Exchange has reported the US dollar and Euro trading at 89.6 and 99.99 respectively against the Russian rouble, thus reaching their historic highs. Credit: Vitaly Nevar/TASS.
Putin’s Greatest Enemy? A Prosperous Russia
August 29, 2022
Civil Society Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: Downing Street is adorned with sunflowers, the national flower of Ukraine, on the eve of Ukraine’s Independence Day. Credit: UK Prime Minister via Twitter @10DowningStreet.
UK on Course to Continue ‘Holiday From Reality’
August 26, 2022
Europe's Edge National Security and Intelligence NATO
Photo: Chinese workers attend the launching ceremony of China Dalian ¨C Slovakia Bratislava Block Train before departing from a cargo railway station in Shenyang city, northeast China's Liaoning province, 27 October 2017. A freight train
Chinese Influence in Slovakia
August 26, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: Workers are seen at the bridge construction site of the Bar-Boljare highway in Bioce, Montenegro June 11, 2018. Picture taken June 11, 2018. Credit: REUTERS/Stevo Vasiljevic
Chinese Influence in Montenegro
August 25, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko gestures as he takes part in the celebrations of Independence Day in Minsk, Belarus July 3, 2020. Credit: REUTERS/Vasily Fedosenko/File Photo.
Lukashenka: Looking Out for Number One
August 24, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: ZAPORIZHZHIA REGION, UKRAINE - JULY 17, 2022 - A man in a military uniform stays in a burning wheat field as Russian troops shell fields to prevent local farmers from harvesting grain crops, Polohy district, Zaporizhzhia Region, southeastern Ukraine. Credit: Dmytro Smolyenko via Reuters Connect
Dogs of War
August 24, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: Chinese President Xi Jinping and Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis visit the container terminal of China Ocean Shipping Company (COSCO), in Piraeus, Greece November 11, 2019. Credit: Orestis Panagiotou/Pool via REUTERS
Chinese Influence in Greece
August 24, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: Cadets watch Russian President Vladimir Putin's annual news conference on TV at the cadet school outside the southern Russian city of Rostov-on-Don December 20, 2012. Putin said on Thursday a U.S. law that punishes Russians who abuse human rights was poisoning ties with Washington but signalled support for a retaliatory ban on Americans adopting Russian children. Credit: REUTERS/Vladimir Konstantinov
Nasty Nancy Drews — a Russian Anti-Saboteur Plan
August 23, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: U.S. Army Pfc. Ryan B. Stuart of Brooklyn Park, Minn., assigned to Company D, 2nd Battalion, 30th Infantry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division, Task Force Storm, provides security for Afghan National Security Forces in Kharwar District Jan. 11. Photo by U.S. Army Sgt. Cooper T. Cash, Task Force Patriot Public Affairs. Credit: U.S. Army.
The Afghan Collapse: An Insider’s Account
August 23, 2022
Europe's Edge National Security and Intelligence NATO
Photo: Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama and China's Premier Li Keqiang attend a meeting, on the sidelines of the 4th Meeting of Heads of Government of China and Central and Eastern European Countries, at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, November 26, 2015. Credit: REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon
Chinese Influence in Albania
August 23, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: Directory at Tbilisi Airport, Georgia. Credit: Shota Rustaveli Tbilisi International Airport Website.
Georgia: A Deluge of Russians
August 22, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Chinese President Xi Jinping shakes hands with Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban before the bilateral meeting of the Second Belt and Road Forum at the Great Hall of the People, in Beijing, China April 25, 2019. Andrea Verdelli/Pool via REUTERS
Chinese Influence in Hungary
August 18, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Romania's Prime Minister Victor-Viorel Ponta (3rd L) attends a meeting with China's President Xi Jinping (2nd R) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing July 2, 2013. REUTERS/Andy Wong/Pool (CHINA - Tags: POLITICS)
Chinese Influence in Romania
August 17, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: Czech Republic's President Milos Zeman (R) and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping leave after a news conference at Prague Castle in Prague, Czech Republic, March 29, 2016. Credit: REUTERS/David W Cerny
Chinese Influence in the Czech Republic
August 16, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: Chinese President Xi Jinping looks on during a meeting with his Serbian counterpart Tomislav Nikolic in Belgrade, Serbia June 18, 2016. Credit: REUTERS/Marko Djurica
China’s Europe Game
August 14, 2022
17+1 China Europe's Edge Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: Fireworks are seen during a ceremony after connecting the last segment of the Peljesac bridge construction in Komarna, Croatia July 28, 2021. Picture taken July 28, 2021. Credit: Ivo Cagalj/PIXSELL via REUTERS.
Chinese Influence in Croatia
August 12, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: Canada, Montreal, 2022-02-25. Russian passports are burnt by their owners during a protest in support of Ukraine. Credit: Paola Chapdelaine / Hans Lucas.
Visa Bans: Help Our Russian Friends, Punish Our Enemies
August 12, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia Sanctions
Photo: A girl passes by a poster with a sign "Ukrainian resistance' in an Old Town of Kyiv, Ukraine on June 8, 2022. As the Russian Federation invaded Ukraine 3 and a half months ago, fierce fighting continues in the East of the country. The capital, Kyiv stays in relative safety, though reminders of the war such as protective sand bags, road blocks, national and anti-war symbols are present all over the city. Credit: Dominika Zarzycka/NurPhoto
Extreme Tourism+? Visit Ukraine
August 12, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: Pro-Russian demonstrators take part in a rally in Yevpatoria, Crimea March 5, 2014. Russia rebuffed Western demands to withdraw forces in Ukraine's Crimea region to their bases on Wednesday amid a day of high-stakes diplomacy in Paris aimed at easing tensions over Ukraine and averting the risk of war. Credit: REUTERS/Maks Levin/File Photo
Russia to the World — Get Lost
August 11, 2022
Civil Society Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: Latvia's President Raimonds Vejonis shakes hands with China's President Xi Jinping at The Great Hall Of The People in Beijing, China September 18, 2018. Credit: Lintao Zhang/Pool via REUTERS.
Chinese Influence in Latvia
August 11, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: An AS532 Cougar helicopter landing on TCG Alemdar to practise medical evacuation of injured submariners during exercise Dynamic Monarch/Kurtaran 2021 in the Eastern Mediterranean. Credit: NATO
Ignore NATO’s Southern Flank at Your Peril
August 11, 2022
Europe's Edge NATO Regional Security
Photo: A delivery worker rides a scooter past a screen showing an image of Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) soldiers, on the day of 95th founding anniversary of the People's Liberation Army (PLA), in Beijing, China August 1, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Tingshu Wang
Preparing the West for the Coming China Crisis
August 10, 2022
China Europe's Edge Hybrid Threats National Security and Intelligence
Photo: 12 tonnes of protective personal equipment, an official donation from China to Slovenia, arrived at Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport on 1st of May. The donation includes 30,000 N95 masks, 700,000 surgical masks, 20,000 protective overalls, 10,000 goggles and 30,000 gloves. Credit: Chinese Embassy in Slovenia via Twitter.
Chinese Influence in Slovenia
August 10, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: The Narva Tank Memorial was opened on May 9, 1970. A T-34-85 tank has been stationed at the location of a battle over crossing the Narva River by Soviet Red Army troops under General Fedyuninsky in February 1944. Credit: Tony Bowden
A Small City, its T-34, and the Empire of Putin
August 9, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: Chancellor Olaf Scholz, on a visit to Kyiv, June 16, 2022. Credit: Bundesregierung/Denzel
Germany’s Zeitenwende — Be Patient, It’s Early Days
August 9, 2022
Defense Innovation Europe's Edge Regional Security
Photo: Estonia's President Kersti Kaljulaid attends a meeting with China's President Xi Jinping at The Great Hall Of The People in Beijing, China September 18, 2018. Credit: Lintao Zhang/Pool via REUTERS.
Chinese Influence in Estonia
August 9, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: US basketball player Brittney Griner, who was detained at Moscow's Sheremetyevo airport and later charged with illegal possession of cannabis, stands inside a defendants' cage before the court's verdict in Khimki outside Moscow, Russia August 4, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Evgenia Novozhenina/Pool
Prisoner Swaps, Putin Style
August 8, 2022
Europe's Edge National Security and Intelligence Russia
Photo: Seal of the Central Intelligence Agency at its headquarters in Langley, Virginia. Credit: Central Intelligence Agency.
The West Has Forgotten How to Keep Secrets
August 8, 2022
Data and Privacy Europe's Edge National Security and Intelligence
Photo: SEVASTOPOL, RUSSIA - JUNE 12, 2021: A serviceman stands by the Black Sea as he attends a celebration of Russia Day. Credit: Alexei Pavlishak/TASS
Russia Raises Stakes on the World’s Oceans
August 8, 2022
Baltic Sea Black Sea Europe's Edge NATO Regional Security
Photo: Taiwan Foreign Minister H.E. Joseph Wu (left) greets US House of Representatives Speaker the Hon. Nancy Pelosi and delegation members the Hon. Subramanian Raja Krishnamoorthi and the Hon. Gregory Meeks. Credit. Taiwan Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Anger at Pelosi Taiwan Trip Reveals Beijing Weakness
August 7, 2022
China Europe's Edge Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: Civilian volunteers learn how to use their rifles during a military training in a camp of Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine. With the Russian army just a few kilometers of the city, many civilians are getting military skills for the future combats in the Russia´s war in Ukraine. Credit: Celestino Arce/NurPhoto
Why Shouldn’t Ukraine Strike Back?
August 4, 2022
Defense Innovation Europe's Edge NATO Regional Security
Photo: Bulk Carrier M/V Razoni vessel carrying 26,000 tonnes of corn cargo is seen leaving port of Odesa, amid Russia's invasion of Ukraine, on 1 August 2022. The first ship since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine on February 24, 2022, left the port of Odesa, in deal to ease global food crisis, with tons of corn to Lebanon. Credit: STR/NurPhoto
Hesitantly, Ukraine’s Grain Begins to Ship
August 4, 2022
Black Sea Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia Sanctions
Photo: Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban at the Council of Europe. Credit: Council of Europe
Orbán Mixes it Up
August 3, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Rule of Law
Photo: President Michel meets President of Azerbaijan and PM of Armenia. Credit: European Union.
Eroding the Russian Imperium
August 3, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: The first ship left the Odesa port since 24.02.2022. Credit: Oleksandr Kubrakov @OlKubrakov via Twitter
Grains of Hope and Risk in the Black Sea
August 2, 2022
Black Sea Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia Sanctions
Photo: Taiwanese and Lithuanian flags are displayed at the Taiwanese Representative Office in Vilnius, Lithuania January 20, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Janis Laizans
Chinese Influence in Lithuania
August 2, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: Poland and Chinese flags remain on the podium after a singing ceremony attended by countries presidents at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing November 25, 2015. Credit: REUTERS/Damir Sagolj.
Chinese Influence in Poland
August 2, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: A woman passes by a billboard depicting Chinese President Xi Jinping as the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) continues in Belgrade, Serbia, April 1, 2020. The text on the billboard reads "Thanks, brother Xi". Picture taken April 1, 2020. Credit: REUTERS/Djordje Kojadinovic
Chinese Influence in Central and Eastern Europe
August 2, 2022
17+1 China Hybrid Threats Regional Security
Photo: Russian service members line up before a rehearsal for a military parade marking the anniversary of the victory over Nazi Germany in World War Two in Red Square in central Moscow, Russia May 7, 2022. Credit: REUTERS/Maxim Shemetov TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
Russia’s Military Grows Afraid of the Long War
August 2, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia
Photo: British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss meets Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki at Chancellery in Warsaw, Poland, on April 5, 2022. Credit: Mateusz Wlodarczyk/NurPhoto
Political Lessons
August 1, 2022
Elections Europe's Edge Regional Security
Is Moldova Next?
July 28, 2022
Europe's Edge Hybrid Threats Regional Security Russia
Photo: V.Zelenskyy was presented with the Winston Churchill Leadership Award. Credit: Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ukraine via Twitter.
The Righteous Glorification of Volodymyr Zelenskyy
July 28, 2022
Europe's Edge Regional Security Russia