Tracking Tech Policy

The EU has proposed new rules to govern data use, artificial intelligence, social media content, and online marketplaces. Brussels has already approved major legislation on privacy and competition policy. Meanwhile, Washington lags far behind.

CEPA’s Digital Innovation Initiative (DII) is tracking major developments in transatlantic tech policy below.



September 15 – Private Enterprise

Apple moves to overturn French ban on iPhone, by vowing a software update to reduce radiation exposure.

September 14 – Economic Security

Prices of electric vehicles could drop to those combustion engine models in Europe in 2024 and the U.S. market in 2026, and account for two-thirds of global car sales by 2030, new research predicts.

September 14 – Economic Security

China protests the EU’s investigation into Chinese electric vehicle subsidies saying it will negatively impact China-EU relations.

September 14 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights 

Google settles for $93 million a California lawsuit accusing the search engine company of misleading consumers about its location tracking practices.

September 14 – Economic Security

US House Republicans urge the Biden administration to increase sanctions against China’s Huawei and Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corp after Huawei launches an advanced new smartphone.

September 14 – Private Enterprise

Shares in chip designer Arm close up almost 25% at the end of its first day of trading on the Nasdaq exchange, valuing the company at more than $65 billion.

September 13 – Private Enterprise

French regulators ban the sale of the iPhone 12 on the basis of the phone emitting electromagnetic radiation. 

September 13 – Economic Security

China threatens smartphone makers to obey security laws after alleged iPhone-related security incidents.

September 13 – Economic Security

The European Commission launches an investigation into imposing tariffs against Chinese electric vehicle imports. 

September 13 – Artificial Intelligence

Tech leaders, including Tesla CEO Elon Musk and Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg, speak to Congress about artificial intelligence, calling on the government to take action to minimize the dangers of technology.

September 12 – Antitrust

A landmark US antitrust case against Google opens, with the Department of Justice arguing that the company exploited its dominance of the internet search market to lock out competitors and smother innovation.

September 12 – Artificial Intelligence

A group of writers including Pulitzer Prize winner Michael Chabon sue Meta, accusing the social media platform of misusing their works to train its Llama artificial intelligence software.

September 12 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights 

The Federal Trade Association files suit against X, formerly Twitter, accusing the company of violating privacy orders following Elon Musk’s takeover.

September 12 – Cybersecurity

The Pentagon publishes a new cybersecurity strategy, responding to the raised threat from China by expanding partnerships with other government agencies and the private sector.  

September 12 – Private Enterprise 

Apple releases the iPhone 15 with a USB-C port, complying with the European Commission’s new rules for a common charger.

September 12 – Artificial Intelligence 

Adobe, IBM, Nvidia, and five other frisk sign President Biden’s voluntary commitments governing artificial intelligence

September 11 – Private Enterprise 

British chip designer Arm closes its IPO order book a day early due to strong demand at a higher-than-expected  $56.10 a share.

September 11 – Artificial Intelligence

Researchers develop an AI tool designed to advise and eventually replace human air traffic controllers in the UK.

September 11 – Telecommunications & Infrastructure

At the G20 summit, the US and Europe unveil rail, energy, and telecom projects designed to link India and the Middle East to Europe aimed at challenging China’s Belt & Road Initiative.

September 11 – Private Enterprise

Qualcomm signs an agreement with Apple to supply 5G communications chips until 2026.

September 10 – Economic Security

During a visit to Hanoi, President Biden signs memorandums on artificial intelligence, semiconductors, and rare earth supply chains, in an attempt to boost Vietnam as a counterweight to China.

September 10 – Content Moderation 

X, formerly Twitter, sues California to overturn a bill that which would require social media companies to publish their content moderation policies. 

September 8 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

TikTok opens a new data center in Dublin, ramping up its efforts to reassure Europeans about its data protection policies.

September 8 – Economic Security

The Canadian province of Alberta opens its first lithium extraction pilot, a first step in Canada’s multibillion-dollar strategy to secure critical minerals needed to power electric cars. 

September 8 – Artificial Intelligence

China’s Ant Group unveils a new AI model and joins Tencent and Xiaomi in the race to develop Chinese AI.

September 8 – Economic Security

Apple’s shares drop after China bans the use of iPhones by government officials, underlining how US companies are being hurt by growing Sino-US tensions.

September 8 – Private Enterprise

China’s Huawei launches a new 5G phone, the Mate60 Pro+, overcoming US chip restrictions.

September 7 – Artificial Intelligence

G7 countries agree to create a code of conduct to guide organizations in the development and use of AI.

September 7 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

French MEP Philippe Latombe protests the EU-US Data Privacy Framework saying it infringes on the EU’s Charter of Fundamental Rights.

September 7 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

The UK pulls back from decision to scan messaging apps under new online safety bill, after tech critics express fears that the regulation would break encryption.

September 7- EU Digital Regulation, Data Privacy & Digital Rights

Apple expresses ongoing concern over privacy and security risks of the EU Digital Markets Act, after being designated digital “gatekeeper” by the EU Commission. 

September 7 – Artificial Intelligence 

The UK rejoins the Horizon program, the €95.5bn EU research group funding new projects in technology and science, including AI. 

September 7 – Artificial Intelligence

Microsoft pledges to assume legal responsibility for any copyright infringement over material generated by its artificial intelligence software.

September 6 – E-Commerce & FinTech

EU financial services chief Mairead McGuinness postpones discussions on a digital Euro until after the European Parliament elections in May of 2024.

September 6 – Antitrust

Google parent Alphabet settles with a coalition of states to resolve antitrust litigation accusing the company of operating a monopoly with its Google Play app store.

September 6 – Artificial Intelligence

The Pentagon wants to develop an AI fleet to compete with China’s growing military.

September 6 – Artificial Intelligence

French President Emmanuel Macron will speak to Chancellor Olaf Scholz about US domination of artificial intelligence at a planned October meeting. 

September 6 – EU Digital Regulation

The EU tightens regulations on  Apple, Amazon, Alphabet, Meta Platforms, ByteDance, and Microsoft, naming them as digital “gatekeepers” under the Digital Markets Act.

September 6 – Economic Security

China orders government officials to stop using iPhones at work amid growing Sino-US tensions.

September 5 – EU Digital Regulation

Bulgarian nominee Iliana Ivanova vows to protect EU research funding during her nomination hearing to become Commissioner for Research and Innovation.

September 5 – EU Digital Regulation, Antitrust

The European Commission names Belgian centrist Didier Reynders as the EU’s competition chief, replacing Margrethe Vestager who left to run for president of the European Investment Bank.

September 5 – Content Moderation

Disinformation will increase in the runup to the US 2024 elections, a new survey states.  

September 5 – EU Digital Regulation

Apple and Microsoft protest the inclusion of iMessage and Teams as gatekeepers with heavy responsibilities regulated under the Digital Markets Act, a sign that tech companies will contest the new EU law.  

September 5 – Economic Security

China moves to introduce a $40 billion state fund to invest in semiconductors in response to US sanctions.

September 5 – Telecommunications & Infrastructure

China’s Huawei files a lawsuit against Portugal’s cybersecurity council protesting a ban on its equipment sales in the country.

September 5 – Private Enterprise

German auto suppliers such as Bosch and Continental want to expand partnerships with Chinese electric vehicle makers.

September 4 – Economic Security

China’s electric vehicle prowess threatens Europe, industry analysts and executives warn at Munich’s car show.

September 4 – Content Moderation

Chinese tech giants begin enforcing new app moderation rules imposed by the country’s communist authorities. 

September 4 – Economic Security

China’s Huawei launches a new phone containing an advanced 7-nanometer processor according to a teardown report by analysis firm TechInsights.

September 1 – Content Moderation

Canada tweaks its rules requiring internet platforms to pay for linking to news articles, but Meta says it will continue to block news in the country.

September 1 – Private Enterprise

Arm’s main customers led by Apple and Nvidia agree to participate in the company’s IPO.

September 1 – Artificial Intelligence

Several leading French media groups block OpenAI’s GPTBot from collecting their content online, following moves by English language media.

September 1 – EU Digital Regulation, E-Commerce & Fintech

Paris bans self-service e-scooters after 89% vote in favor of removing them from the French capitals streets in a referendum.

September 1 – Artificial Intelligence

Nvidia should sell artificial intelligence chips only to buyers who agree to ethically use the technology, Google DeepMind’s co-founder Mustafa Suleyman says.

September 1 – Cybersecurity

Digital espionage and sabotage will cost Germany €206 billion in 2023, Germany’s digital association Bitkom says.


August 31 – Artificial Intelligence

Chinese technology groups Baidu and ByteDance launch artificial intelligence chatbots after receiving regulatory approval.

August 31 – Artificial Intelligence

Google introduces generative AI into its search engine in India and Japan. 

August 31 – Antitrust

Microsoft offers to unbundle its chat and video app Teams from its Office suite and make it easier for competing products to work with its software, but rivals want more to head off an EU antitrust fine.

August 31 – Antitrust

Danish online job-search rival Jobindex complains to EU antitrust regulators that the U.S. tech giant unfairly favored its own job-search service.

August 31 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

Activist Max Shrems files complaints against Google’s Fitbit for violating Europe’s GDPR privacy rules. 

August 30 – Artificial Intelligence

An Emirati group launches Arabic AI software Jais is an open-source, bilingual model available for use by the world’s 400mn-plus Arabic speakers.

August 30 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

The UK wants to expand the use of controversial facial recognition technologies to track and find criminals.

August 30 – Artificial Intelligence

UK officials warn that artificial intelligence-driven chatbots can be tricked into performing harmful tasks.

August 30 – E-Commerce & Fintech

The Food and Drug Administration threatens Amazon with fines over the sales of “unapproved” drugs, as the e-commerce player attempts to disrupt the US health market.

August 29 – Economic Security

US Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo becomes the third cabinet member to visit Beijing since June, aiming to ease tensions amid growing rivalry over advanced technology like semiconductors.

August 29 – Content Moderation

Meta takes down Chinese campaign aimed at discrediting its adversaries including the US.

August 29 – Economic Security

Chinese researchers produce a groundbreaking 12-inch wafer with 2D materials, with expected low costs of production.

August 29 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

Canadians continue to use Meta platforms at the same level, despite the company’s decision to ban news links, a study reveals

August 29 – Artificial Intelligence

Google launches new partnerships and initiatives aimed at building the company’s AI strategy and infrastructure, including new language models and databases.

August 25 – EU Digital Regulation

The EU’s Digital Services Act goes into effect, requiring tech companies to take increased responsibility for the content they host and marking the biggest expansion of tech regulation among Western democracies.

August 24 – Private Enterprise

Chipmaker NVIDIA announces a revenue of $13.5bn, doubling previous reports and hitting a record in the company’s history.

August 24 – Artificial Intelligence

AI policy specialists publish their criticism towards the Biden Administration’s AI strategy, expressing concerns over contradictions in the AI Bill of Rights and NIST’s Risk Management Framework. 

August 24 – Emerging Technologies

The National Institute for Standards and Technology unveils standards for algorithms resistant to Quantum computing, calling on cryptographers worldwide to test them.  

August 24 – Economic Security

The United States extends a one-year exemption permitting South Korean and Taiwanese companies to export advanced semiconductor technologies to China.

August 24 – Artificial Intelligence

The German government announces a €1.6 billion investment in AI to establish 150 new university labs for AI research, expand data centers, and provide AI training datasets.

August 22 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

Meta asks a Norwegian court to stop a fine that the country’s data regulator has imposed on the owner of Facebook and Instagram for breaching user privacy.

August 22 – Antitrust

Microsoft submits revised terms to take over game company Activision to the UK competition regulator, in an effort to get it to reverse its veto.

August 22 – Private Enterprise

Chip designer Arm unveils prospectus for a Nasdaq listing, in what will be the biggest US IPO in two years.

August 22 – Economic Security

The German government introduces potential export curbs on China for semiconductors and AI technologies, following the US’ lead.

August 21 – Economic Security

The Department of Energy announces a $30 million investment in the US critical mineral supply chain, in a move to reduce dependency on China. 

August 21 – Antitrust

The UK competition regulator approves Broadcom’s $69 billion takeover of software firm VMware, a rare example of allowing tech takers. 

August 20 – Emerging Technologies

A Russian spacecraft headed to the moon crashes.

August 19 – Private Enterprise 

Japan’s Softbank takes full control of UK chip designer Arm, valuing it at $64 billion ahead of an IPO scheduled for September.

August 18 – Economic Security

The leaders of Japan, South Korea and the United States agree to increase their cooperation in technology and economic security, creating a united front against China in Camp David.

August 18 – Content Moderation

Canada demands that Meta stop blocking domestic news from Facebook and its other platforms to allow people to share news about wildfires. 

August 18 – Telecommunications & Infrastructure

Germany’s Interior Minister Nancy Faeser says that telecoms providers need to pivot away from China’s Huawei, no matter the cost.

August 17 – Content Moderation

A US federal judge dismisses a lawsuit accusing YouTube of restricting or removing videos from Black and Hispanic content creators because of their race.

August 17 – Content Moderation

Dating app powerhouse Match Group ends collaboration with an NGO for background checks on potential sex offenders. 

August 17 – Content Moderation

YouTube and other leading tech companies could have tracked children across the internet, potentially undercutting a US privacy law, research group Adalytics says.

August 17 – Content Moderation

A Russian court imposes a 3-million-ruble ($32,000) fine on Google for failing to delete allegedly false information about the conflict in Ukraine.

August 17 – Emerging Technology

Alphabet cuts expenses at its health division Verily, part of a  cost-cutting drive by Google’s parent in its far-flung operations.

August 16 – Artificial Intelligence

The UK plans a summit on the safety of artificial intelligence at the start of November, with “like-minded” countries to address global threats to democracy.

August 16 – Telecommunications & Infrastructure

Texas requires companies to include Tesla technology in electric vehicle charging stations to be eligible for federal funds.

August 16 – US Digital Regulation

New York City bans TikTok on government-owned devices, citing security concerns, joining a number of US cities and states.

August 16 – Antitrust

Intel calls off a $5.4 billion deal to acquire Israeli Tower Semiconductor after it failed to persuade Chinese regulators.

August 15 – Artificial Intelligence

ChatGPT maker OpenAI says its technologies can serve as a potential tool for content moderation.

August 15 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

US financial regulators announce plans to regulate companies that track and sell people’s personal data.

August 15 – Private Enterprise

Moneylsing Vietnamese electric car maker VinFast’s shares soar on their Nasdaq debut.

August 15 – E-Commerce and Fintech

In a new sign of the regulatory crackdown on cryptocurrencies, Binance protests requests for information from US Securities and Exchange Commission saying they were “over broad” and “unduly burdensome.”

August 14 – E-Commerce and Fintech

A US judge approves crypto lender Celsius Network’s bankruptcy plan.

August 14 – US Digital Regulation

The Biden administration urges the Supreme Court to overturn a controversial Texas social media law, saying it poses dangers for online speech.

August 14 – Telecommunications and Infrastructure

More than 20 million US households receive discounts on internet service as part of a federal program created to close the digital divide, according to the Federal Communications Commission.

August 14 – Private Enterprise

Apple supplier Foxconn beats estimates for second-quarter earnings thanks to a booming artificial intelligence sector but downgrades its outlook because of a sluggish recovery in China.

August 11 – Emerging Technologies

Russia launches its first moon-landing spacecraft in 47 years on Friday, despite war and sanctions.

August 11 – E-Commerce and Fintech

A US federal judge revokes FTX founder Sam Bankman-Fried’s bail and sent him to jail. 

August 11 – US Digital Regulation

California regulators approve a San Francisco plan to become the first US city where driverless taxis can carry paying passengers without restriction.

August 10 – Artificial Intelligence

The UK names two sherpas for a planned global summit on AI safety that it plans to host later this year.

August 10 – Content Moderation

A US court fines Twitter for resisting a search warrant, to produce data from Donald Trump’s account.

August 10 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

Russian internet giant Yandex’s cofounder Arkady Volozh condemns Russia’s “barbaric” invasion of Ukraine.

August 10 – Economic Security

The EU signals it will not follow the US ban on tech investments in China.

August 10 – Economic Security

China’s internet giants rush to beat potential new US export controls by acquiring $ 5 billion of high-performance Nvidia chips vital for building generative artificial intelligence systems.

August 9 – Competiton & Antitrust

The US Supreme Court allows Apple to keep its App Store payment rules in place for the place, rejecting Epic Games’ appeal to allow alternatives.

August 9 – Economic Security

The Biden Administration bans private equity and venture capital investments in critical Chinese technologies.

August 9 – Artificial Intelligence

Google launches talks with Universal Music to pay to license artists’ melodies and voices for songs generated by artificial intelligence.

August 8 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

Finnish and Norwegian regulators ban Russian ride-hailing platform Yango from sending the personal data of its customers to Russia.

August 8 – Competition & Antitrust

Softbank reports new losses because of share price declines in its investments in Alibaba, Deutsche Telekom, and T-Mobile.

August 8 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

China releases draft rules on Tuesday to curb uses of facial recognition, while leaving large carveouts for national-security-related uses.

August 8 – Economic Security

Taiwan-based chips manufacturer TSMC announces plans to invest about 3.5 billion alongside €5 billion of public subsidies into a microchip production plant in Germany, its first in Europe. 

August 7 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

Norway’s data protection authority fines Facebook owner Meta Platforms 1 million crowns ($98,500) per day over privacy breaches starting Aug. 14, a fine that could spread to the rest of Europe.

August 7 – E-Commerce & Fintech

PayPal launches a new stablecoin, becoming the first major financial company to offer crypto payments, defying increased regulatory scrutiny.

August 7 – Competition & Antitrust

Zoom, the company synonymous with working from home, requires workers to return to the office.

August 4 – E-Commerce & Fintech

Canada threatens to move ahead with a tax on digital platforms, upset over delays in obtaining a global deal, but angering the US administration.

August 4 – Competition & Antitrust

Apple, Airbnb, and Amazon report strong strong earnings. Apple’s services division shines. Airbnb benefits from post-Covid travel and Amazon recovers thanks to cost-cutting.

August 4 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

Norway’s ban begins on social media giants Facebook and Instagram from tracking users online to target them with advertising.

August 3 – Content Moderation

 A Moscow court fines Apple 400,000 roubles ($4,274) for not deleting “inaccurate” content about what Russia calls a “special military operation” in Ukraine on apps and podcasts.

August 3 – Economic Security

The European Commission clears €1.5 billion of state aid from the French government to Taiwanese firm ProLogium to develop new-generation batteries for electric vehicles in Dunkirk, north of France.

August 2 – Competition & Antitrust

Qualcomm, which makes chips that go into Apple iPhones and Android handsets, reports disappointing sales, due to a slowdown in smartphone sales. 

August 2 – Content Moderation

NGO Internews releases a scathing report accusing Meta of under-resourcing and understaffing its content moderation team following the company’s recent layoffs.

August 2 – Content Moderation

Beijing unveils a new system to limit minors’ online activity, in a move that poses a fresh challenge to tech groups already tightly policed by the state.

August 2 – Content Moderation

Meta begins blocking news on Facebook and Instagram users in Canada, in response to a law requiring internet giants to pay news publishers.

August 1 – Competition & Antitrust

Uber posts its first-ever operating profit in the second quarter, a milestone for the ride-hailing company that symbolizes the gig economy. 

August 1 – EU Tech Regulation

Facebook and Instagram start asking their European users if they want to see personalized ads based on their online activity in order to comply with the General Data Protection Regulation.

August 1 – Economic Security

China imposes export controls on a wide range of drones and drone components, a move that could hurt Ukraine’s war efforts.


July 31 – Content Moderation

Elon Musk’s Twitter threatens to sue the Center for Countering Digital Hate, an anti-hate speech nonprofit that conducts research on social media content policies.

July 31 – Competition & Antitrust

Italy’s competition authorities accept Google’s commitments on data portability to end an inquiry filed by an Italian marketing agency.

July 28 – EU Tech Regulation

The EU launches a probe against Spain’s move to limit gig economy services such as Uber, and other ride-hailing services. 

July 28 – Content Moderation

EU countries impose sanctions on seven Russian individuals and five entities that were allegedly engaged in a disinformation campaign, blasting propaganda about Russia’s war in Ukraine from fake websites. 

July 28 – Economic Security

French prosecutors accuse a top French executive from Ommic — a French company that produces powerful microchips used in military and defense systems — of giving trade secrets to China and Russia.

July 27 – Competition & Antitrust

US chipmaker Intel reports surprising positive results, thanks to strong PC sales and artificial intelligence chips, reversing two quarters of losses.

July 27 – Artificial Intelligence

Chat GPT and other AI-powered chatbots are vulnerable to users who want to generate harmful information, a Carnegie Mellon report shows. 

July 27 – Competition & Antitrust

The European Commission opens a case against Microsoft for tying its chat and video app Teams with its Office.

July 27 – Competition & Antitrust

Meta reports double-digit revenue growth, powered by cost-cutting, Twitter’s decline, and the implementation of AI into Facebook’s newsfeed.

July 27 – US Digital Regulation

Democrat Senator Elizabeth Warren and Republican Lindsey Graham call for the creation of a strong new federal agency to reign in large tech companies.

July 26 – Content Moderation

Russian online censorship has increased by 30 times since the invasion of Ukraine, a new report from Citizens Lab reveals. 

July 26 – Artificial Intelligence

Four of the world’s most advanced artificial intelligence companies form a group to research the best way to mitigate dangers from artificial intelligence.

July 26 – Telecom & Infrastructure

A group of major automakers announces a joint investment to build thousands of electric-vehicle chargers in the US, in a bid to ease a shortage of charging spots that deter many consumers from choosing electric vehicles. 

July 26 – Competition & Antitrust

Microsoft and Alphabet report strong second-quarter earnings, helping to underpin Big Tech’s recent stock price gains.

July 25 – Competition & Antitrust

Spotify shares fall 14.26% after the company reports steeper losses from podcasting and high music royalty costs.

July 25 – Competition & Antitrust

UK developers sue Apple, asking for $1 billion in damages over app store fees.

July 24 – Content Moderation

French President Emmanuel Macron calls for a new “digital public order,” with platforms and public authorities working together to fight violent content online. But he backs away from earlier statements about cutting access to social networks to keep the riots under control.

July 23 – Content Moderation

Twitter ditches its bird logo, the latest step of owner Elon Musk’s overhaul.

July 21 – Content Moderation

Meta’s Twitter killer Threads loses steam, with active users falling 70% from a July 7 peak. 

July 21 – Artificial Intelligence

Seven leading US tech companies agree to voluntary safeguards on artificial intelligence, the White House announces. But critics find the guardrails weak.

July 20 – Economic Security

The EU Council authorizes the Commission to begin negotiations with the United States for a critical minerals agreement. 

July 20 – Economic Security

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company warns of a semiconductor slump and a delay in its planned Arizona chip factory as the boom in artificial intelligence fails to offset global economic woes and China’s delayed recovery.  

July 19  – Artificial Intelligence

Meta releases its large language AI Chatbot Llama in open source, allowing developers to generate text, images, and code.

July 19 – Competition & Antitrust

Tesla reports a strong rise in sales but decreased profitability because of price cuts.

July 19 – Competition & Antitrust

Broadcom’s multibillion-dollar bid for cloud-computing business VMWare receives conditional approval today from the UK’s Competition and Markets Authority.

July 19 – Competition & Antitrust

The Biden administration announces tough new guidelines against tech mergers, signaling deepening scrutiny,  despite recent court losses.

July 19 – Competition & Antitrust

American Fiona Scott Morton withdraws her candidacy for the EU’s chief antitrust economist after French President Emmanuel Macron and others call for the appointment of a European.

July 18 – EU Digital Regulation

TikTok fails a “stress test” of its compliance with the EU’s Digital Services Act, risking heavy fines if it does not improve its controls over illegal content.

July 18 – Economic Security

 The US Commerce Department adds two European-based surveillance firms to its economic trade blacklist, accusing them of misusing commercial spyware. 

July 18 – Cybersecurity

The White House announces a cybersecurity certification and labeling program for Internet-connected appliances.

July 18 – Competition & Antitrust
Spain’s antitrust enforcer fines Amazon and Apple EUR194 million, saying they “restricted competition” by agreeing to limit the sale of Apple products. Both companies plan to appeal.

July 17 – Competition & Antitrust

Microsoft signs a binding agreement to keep the Call of Duty video game franchise on PlayStation for 10 years as the company appears close to completing its purchase of Activision Blizzard.

July 17 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

The Norwegian Data Protection Authority orders Meta to stop showing users in Norway personalized ads based on their online activity and estimated locations.

July 13 – Artificial Intelligence

The Federal Trade Commission launches an investigation into OpenAI about whether the company’s chatbot harms consumers.

July 13 – Economic Security

Germany releases its first China strategy, taking a tough line against Beijing’s “grave violations of human rights” but backing away from imposing tough investment bans.

July 13 – Economic Security

A cross-party UK parliament group criticizes the British government for underestimating the security danger from China.

July 13 – Competition & Antitrust

The top European court deals telecom companies a defeat, backing European regulators who block mergers that reduce from four to three the number of operators in member states.

July 13 – Artificial Intelligence

Google rolls out its artificial intelligence chatbot Bard in the European Union after resolving concerns raised by the bloc’s key privacy regulator.

July 12 – Competition & Antitrust

The EU fines gene sequencing company Illumina EUR432 million it completed an $8bn acquisition before Brussels’ approval.

July 12 – Cybersecurity

Chinese hackers tried to penetrate Secretary of State and Commerce Department chiefs’ email accounts in advance of a trip to Beijing, US and Microsoft officials say.

July 12 – E-Commerce & Fintech

More than 130 countries announce they will refrain from imposing national digital taxes on tech companies until 2025, giving the Paris-based OECD additional time to win a global corporate tax reform. 

July 12 – Competition & Antitrust

The UK Competition Authority, which turned down Microsoft’s $75 billion takeover bid for game player Activision, says it will reconsider if the terms of the deal are revised. 

July 12 – Competition & Antitrust

Broadcom’s $61 billion bid for cloud-computing business VMWare receives a green light from European regulators after it promises to keep selling key products to rival companies.

July 12 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

A lawsuit targets Google alleging it stole data from millions of users to train its AI tools.

July 11 – Competition & Antitrust

The European Commission appoints Yale academic Fiona Scott Morton as chief competition economist, despite French protests that an American should not be given the crucial post.

July 11 – EU Digital Regulation

The European Commission publishes a communication on virtual reality which it calls Web 4.0, aiming to make Europe a leader in this new technology.

July 11 – Content Moderation

Amazon becomes the first US company to challenge the EU’s Digital Service Act designed to force Big Tech to police content online, filing a petition to the general court in Luxembourg to annul its designation as a “very large online platform.”

July 11 – Antitrust

Microsoft can close its $75 billion acquisition of Activision, a federal judge rules, delivering a setback to the Biden Administration’s attempt to reign in big tech mergers.

July 11 – Economic Security

European parliamentarians give final approval to the EU Chips Act, which will unlock billions of euros in subsidies with a goal of increasing Europe’s share of the global semiconductor market to 20% by 2030, from 9% at present. 

July 10 – Data Privacy & Digital Rights

The European Union approves a new data-transfer deal with the United States, ending three years of legal limbo and rebooting the transatlantic free flow of digital information.

July 5 — Competition & Antitrust

Meta launches its Twitter competitor Threads, gaining 30 million signups in a day, but will not offer the service in Europe due to regulatory concerns.

July 5 — Economic Security

The UK and EU agree on Britain’s re-entry into the Horizon Europe research program, ending months of hard-fought talks.

July 4 Content Moderation

French President Emmanuel Macron, responding to youth protests across the country, suggests banning social media during periods of street unrest.

July 4 Content Moderation

A US federal judge restricts the Biden administration from mandating that social media platforms restrict misinformation and hate speech, demonstrating how the US is moving in the opposite direction on content moderation from Europe.

July 4 — Data Privacy & Digital Rights

Meta’s Facebook may need user consent to personalize ads, the top European court ruled in a case brought by the German competition regulator.

July 4 — Data Privacy & Digital Rights

The European Commission proposes a law to bolster lagging enforcement of Europe’s GDPR privacy rules, though privacy activists criticize the changes as too little.  

July 4 EU Digital Regulation

Apple, Alphabet, Amazon, and Meta Platforms are among seven companies to tell the European Commission that they qualify as “gatekeepers” under the Digital Markets Act that aims to keep them from dominating online markets.

July 3 Economic Security

China will limit exports of some metals widely used in the semiconductor industry, the latest salvo in an escalating war over access to high-tech microchips between Beijing and the United States.

July 3 — Data Privacy & Digital Rights

The US government announced measures to allow companies to use a new transatlantic agreement to transfer data from Europe to the US by the end of summer.


June 30 — Competition & Antitrust

The UK Competition Authorities signal an in-depth review of Adobe’s proposed $20 billion takeover of Figma, a reflection of London’s growing skepticism for tech takeovers.

June 30 Artificial Intelligence

A large group of leading European companies including Siemens and Airbus publish an open letter warning that the EU’s soon-to-be-completed AI Act threatens their competitiveness.

June 29  — Competition & Antitrust

Google follows Meta in blocking links to Canadian news from search results and other products in Canada in response to a new law requiring the search company to pay publishers.

June 29 EU Digital Regulation

The EU reaches a deal on the European Digital Identity Framework (eIDs), creating a digital identity “wallet” for citizens to prove their identity and access services across the bloc.

June 29 Content Moderation

France approves a new law requiring social media platforms like TikTok to verify users’ ages and obtain parental consent for those under 15 years in an effort to protect children online. 

June 28 — Competition & Antitrust

A top German court upholds the antitrust authority’s designation of Amazon as market dominant.

June 28 — Competition & Antitrust

In a break from traditional gig economy practices, DoorDash begins offering delivery drivers the option to be paid an hourly minimum wage, instead of earning money for each delivery.

June 27 EU Digital Regulation

The EU agrees on a Data Act which will force manufacturers of everything from automobiles to dishwashers to share access to the data generated from their products.

June 26 Telecommunications & Infrastructure

President Biden announces a $42 billion effort to expand Internet access for 8.5 million unconnected rural families. 

June 26 EU Digital Regulation, E-Commerce & Fintech

German e-tailer Zalando sues the European Commission against its designation as the sole European company as a Very Large Online Platform.

June 26 E-Commerce & Fintech

The European Central Bank launches a pilot project for a digital version of the euro. 

June 26 Economic Security

The Japanese Government purchases semiconductor materials firm JSR for $6.3 billion in a move to protect its chips industry.

June 22 — E-Commerce & Fintech

The Canadian Parliament passes a law requiring tech companies to pay Canadian publishers for linking to their articles, prompting the owner of Facebook and Instagram to say that it would pull news articles from the country.

June 21 — Competition & Antitrust

Meta blocks the sharing of news articles after the Canadian Parliament passes a new law requiring technology companies to pay domestic news outlets for linking to their articles. 

June 21 — Privacy & Digital Rights

The Federal Trade Commission sues Amazon for using dark patterns to trick customers into subscribing to Amazon Prime and making it difficult to cancel.

June 20 Antitrust

US newspaper chain Gannett sues Google, alleging that the search company runs a digital ad monopoly. 

June 20 — Privacy & Digital Rights

Oracle announces the launch of an “EU sovereign cloud” for local data storage, intended for EU customers under increased data regulation and the first service of its kind.

June 20 — Competition

European antitrust regulators will investigate Adobe’s $20 billion acquisition of digital design firm Figma.

June 20 Economic Security

The European Commission releases a new hardline “de-risking” strategy toward China pressing EU capitals to consider tightening export controls and rules on out-and-inbound investments

June 19 — Hardware

The Italian government curbs Chinese company Sinochem’s influence over tiremaker Pirelli, citing security concerns.

June 19 — Privacy & Digital Rights

Elon Musk announces that he will comply with EU content moderation requirements after Internal Market Commissioner reveals an upcoming “stress test” on Twitter.

June 19 Hardware

The German government agrees to increase subsidies to a reported €10 billion for Intel to build a new ​​€30 billion semiconductor fab in Magdeburg.

June 16 — Competition

The UK antitrust regulator approves Amazon’s proposed billion-dollar iRobot acquisition, concluding that the deal “would not lead to competition concerns in the UK.”

June 15 — Infrastructure and Telecommunications

The European Commission publishes a new report detailing the need for EU members to step up efforts to strip out the risk of equipment installed by China’s Huawei.

June 14 Competition

The European Commission launches an antitrust case against Google for abusing its dominant position the digital advertising, raising the possibility that the search company will be forced to sell off some of its advertising units. 

June 14 Artificial Intelligence

The European Parliament adopts its position on the AI Act, paving the way for the negotiations to finalize the world’s first comprehensive law on Artificial Intelligence.

June 13 Artificial Intelligence

Google postpones its Bard chatbot’s EU launch after the Irish privacy watchdog demanded more information about how it will conform with European data protection laws.

June 13 Competition

The US Federal Trade Commission asks a court to block Microsoft’s proposed acquisition of game company Activision, a sign of increased antitrust activism towards Big Tech.

June 12 Hardware

The US will allow semiconductor manufacturers from Taiwan and South Korea to continue expansion in China despite significant restrictions for others on Chinese operations.

June 11 — Cybersecurity 

The Dutch government will restrict the number of Chinese doctoral students in an effort to curb information flows between Europe and China.

June 10 Artificial Intelligence

Microsoft will relocate top AI experts from a lab in China to Canada, reflecting political tension and deteriorating collaboration between Washington and Beijing.

June 12 Competition

EU governments agree on new rules to classify platform workers as full-time employees. Though a final text still must be negotiated, the rules could see up to five million independent workers reclassified as employees.

June 8 —  Tech Diplomacy

UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak and US President Joe Biden, meeting at the White House, agreed to allow UK firms to qualify for US green subsidies, increase defense industry ties, sign a data protection deal, and step up cooperation on AI.

June 7 Infrastructure and Telecommunications

The EU is considering a mandatory ban on companies deemed to present a security risk in their 5G networks, including Chinese telecoms group Huawei, which holds a strong position in many European telecom networks.

June 7 Hardware

Franco-Italian chip manufacturer STMicroelectronics and China’s Sanan Optoelectronics set up a joint venture in Chongqing, despite increasing European and US restrictions on semiconductor sales to China.

June 6 — Privacy & Digital Rights

Microsoft will pay $20 million to the Federal Trade Commission after violating children’s online privacy.

June 5 — Hardware

Apple released a new VR headset, the Vision Pro, escalating the rivalry with Meta’s Oculus headset.

June 5 — Online Commerce

The US Securities and Exchange Commission files 13 charges against Binance, the world’s largest crypto exchange, and its founder, Changpeng Zhao, alleging both comingled billions of dollars worth of user funds and sent them to a European company controlled by Zhao.

June 5 Artificial Intelligence

The EU wants companies such as Google and Meta, who are participating in its voluntary program to combat misinformation, to label content produced by artificial intelligence.

June 5 — Hardware

The French government will provide €2.9 billion in state aid to a €7.4 billion chips factory project by STMicroelectronics and GlobalFoundries near Grenoble.

June 1 — Content Moderation

France adopts a social media influencer law limiting the products they can promote and requiring transparency about their sponsorship.

June 1 — Privacy & Digital Rights

Amazon reportedly agrees to pay $30.8 million to settle FTC charges that its Ring doorbell cameras illegally spied on users and its Alexa assistants illegally collected data from children.


May 31 Trade and Technology Council

At the fourth ministerial meeting of the twice-yearly EU-US Trade and Technology Council near Sweden’s Artic Circle in Sweden, senior transatlantic leaders attempt to hash out common approaches on everything from semiconductors to green tech investments and above all, how to push back against China.

May 30 Artificial Intelligence

More than 350 executives, researchers, and engineers working in artificial intelligence from OpenAI, Google, and other companies sign an open letter warning of the technology’s potential existential risks to humanity. 

May 26 Cybersecurity

Portugal’s cyber security council envisions a ban on Chinese telecoms vendor Huawei, a potential decisive hardening of its position that could spread to other European countries.

May 25 — Privacy & Digital Rights

Twitter announces withdrawal from the European Union’s Code of Practice on Disinformation, threatening non-compliance with Digital Services Act under Musk’s approach to content moderation.

May 24 — Layoffs

Meta to lay off 500 employees from its Dublin headquarters, about 20% of the Irish workforce, as part of its latest round of layoffs. 

May 24 Artificial Intelligence

Alphabet and the European Commission agree to create a voluntary AI pact to establish minimum standards for the technology in advance of the conclusion of a legally-binding European AI Act.

May 22 Critical Minerals

The US agrees with Australia to support its critical minerals industry in an attempt to develop alternative suppliers to China.

May 22 Privacy & Digital Rights

Ireland’s Data Protection Commission fines Meta $1.3 billion citing the company’s lack of protection for transatlantic data flows as demanded by the GDPR.  

May 22 Hardware 

China imposes sales restrictions on US-based Micron following American export controls on advanced chips and semiconductor manufacturing equipment.

May 22 Hardware

Japan announces it will impose further restrictions on exporting cutting-edge semiconductors, building on an existing list of semiconductors export controls from March this year.

May 18 — Privacy & Digital Rights

TikTok creators sue the state of Montana in an attempt to overturn the first full US ban of the social media platform. 

May 18 — Hardware

The UK will invest £1 billion over the next decade to secure semiconductor supplies and boost its chip design sector, but critics said the plan lacked ambition.

May 18   Content Moderation

The US Supreme Court hands Internet platforms a victory by declining to hold them liable for content posted by their users in two cases involving Google and Twitter.

May 17 — Privacy & Digital Rights

France’s top constitutional court approves the use of AI-powered surveillance cameras for the 2024 Paris Summer Olympics.

May 17 Privacy & Digital Rights

Europe and India hold their first Trade and Technology Council meeting, revealing underlying tension over international data flows.

May 17 Cybersecurity

The US Justice Department brings five cases including one against a former Apple engineer for stealing technology to benefit China, Russia, and Iran.

May 17 Artificial Intelligence

France’s privacy regulator announces an action plan on AI that includes upholding data protection standards, auditing AI systems for potential harm, and better understanding how the technology affects society.

May 17 Online Commerce

The European Commission proposes a major customs overhaul, including the creation of a single European Customs Agency, in response in large part to growing e-commerce.

May 16 Artificial Intelligence

OpenAI’s Sam Altman warns Congress that artificial intelligence ‘Can Go Quite Wrong’ and calls on lawmakers to create safety standards.

May 16 Online Commerce

The European Union approves the world’s first comprehensive set of rules to regulate crypto assets, putting pressure on Britain and the United States to catch up.

May 15 Competition

The European Commission approves Microsoft’s $69 billion deal for Activision, putting it in conflict with US and UK regulators who have moved to block it and creating regulatory uncertainty for tech acquisitions. 

May 12 — Hardware

French President Emmanuel Macron calls for increased industrial policy in a drive for Europe to assert its “sovereignty.”

May 10 — Artificial Intelligence

Google demonstrates an updated search engine powered by artificial intelligence, marking one of the biggest potential changes to its marquee product and hoping to answer the challenge by Microsoft Bing’s integration of ChatGPT.

May 10 Hardware

The European Commission creates a Semiconductor Alert System to raise awareness about critical disruptions in the semiconductors supply chain.

May 10 Competition

France proposes legislation expanding the EU’s Digital Services Act and Digital Markets Act, allowing judges to block porn websites and foreign propaganda, as well as obliging online platforms to remove flagged child sexual abuse material within 24 hours.

May 10 Cybersecurity

The FBI disables Russian malware allegedly used to steal documents from NATO allies.

May 9 Privacy & Digital Rights

In its final report on the Pegasus spyware snooping, the European Parliament calls on EU governments to stop most surveillance of private individuals.

May 8 Critical Minerals

The White House expedites the review and approval of a manganese and zinc mine in Arizona, a move designed to enhance the domestic supply of critical raw materials.

May 4 Hardware

Ursula Von der Leyen breaks ground to build a new €5 billion semiconductor factory in Dresden, Germany, following the passage of the EU Chips Act aimed at increasing the bloc’s semiconductor production.

May 4 Artificial Intelligence

The White House announces the creation of seven National AI Research Institutes, with the goal of promoting “responsible AI.”

May 3 Privacy & Digital Rights

The Federal Trade Commission calls for a ban on Facebook monetizing youth data following the company’s failure to meet previous pledges. 

May 2 Competition

The EU’s Digital Markets Act, Europe’s attempt to reign in the largest tech companies, comes into force. 

May 1 Hardware

British microchip designing giant Arm will sell its shares in the US for up to $10 billion in a blow to the London financial markets.


April 30 — Artificial Intelligence

G7 Digital Technology Ministers release a Ministerial Declaration outlining agreements in six areas: Data Free Flows with Trust, digital infrastructure, internet governance, emerging tech, AI, and competition.

April 28 — Artificial Intelligence

Italy lifts its ban on ChatGPT, but its move has inspired fellow European privacy regulators to launch probes.

April 26 — Competition

The UK blocks Microsoft’s $69 billion purchase of video game company Activision, showing how difficult it will be for the biggest tech companies to make blockbuster purchases.

April 25 Competition

The European Commission designated 19 companies as “Very Large Online Platforms” subject to extra regulation of their policies to combat illegal content under the new Digital Services Act. 

April 25 Content Moderation

The EU gives final approval to a new General Product Safety Regulation, upping the responsibility of e-commerce marketplaces for keeping dangerous products off their sites.

April 25 Competition

The UK government published its Digital Markets, Competition and Consumer Bill this afternoon, outlining over 388 pages of how it will reform competition law.

April 24 Content Moderation

The US Supreme Court agrees to take a case deciding whether to decide if public officials can block critics from Facebook and other social media sites they maintain. 

April 24 Competition 

Apple wins a ‘resounding victory’ in its legal battle over app store fees against Epic Games.

April 22 — Competition

The UK will create a new regulator to tackle the potentially dominant market power of Internet platforms, such as Google, Amazon, and Facebook.

April 20 — Artificial Intelligence

Google plans to introduce generative artificial intelligence in its ads, as big tech groups rush to incorporate groundbreaking technology into their products.

April 19 — Cybersecurity

The European Commission proposed a draft Cyber Solidarity Act that would increase cooperation between private and public sectors — despite opposition from national governments concerned bout intelligence sharing. 

April 18 — Hardware

Apple opened its first retail store in India in the presence of Chief Executive Tim Cook, underlining the company’s efforts to diversify its supply chain and boost smartphone sales in the world’s most populous country.

April 18 — Hardware

The EU agreed on a €43 billion ($47 billion) plan for its semiconductor industry in an attempt to catch up with the United States and Asia.

April 11 — Artificial Intelligence

The Biden Administration considers rules to regulate ChatGPT, opening a consultation on how to ensure that the new tool remains “trustworthy.”

April 9 — Competition

Chinese tech giant Alibaba unveils “Tongyi Qianwen” as the newest AI rival to ChatGPT, underlining Chinese ambitions in the field.

April 4 – Hardware

China calls on Japan to rescind its recent decision to follow the US and impose export restrictions on chip manufacturing equipment.

April 4 — Cybersecurity

The UK’s data regulator fines TikTok $16 million USD following the company’s use of children’s data without the required parental consent.   

April 3 — Hardware

Russia creates an investment fund targeted at microchip and drone production, in an effort to revive Vladimir Putin’s far-fetched ambitions to ensure Russian technological leadership.


March 31 Privacy & Digital Rights

Italy’s data protection agency bans ChatGPT, at least temporarily, saying the artificial intelligence tool breached the EU’s GDPR privacy rules. 

March 30 Hardware

The UK joins the Trans-Pacific Partnership, its largest trade deal following Brexit. 

March 30 Privacy & Digital Rights

A bipartisan group of US. lawmakers propose a bill to curb Google and Facebook’s grip over digital advertising. 

March 29 Competition

More than 1,000 tech executives, including Twitter and Tesla owner Elon Musk, publish an open letter calling for a six-month “pause” on developing artificial intelligence tools such as Chat GPT to halt what they call a “dangerous” arms race.

March 28 Competition

Apple launches its ‘buy now, pay later’ feature of the Apple wallet, upping competition with leading fin-tech high flyers Klarna and Affirm.

March 28 Competition

Germany’s federal antitrust office launches a probe into Microsft’s potentially anti-competitive market dominance, the latest big tech company targeted after Google parent Alphabet, Meta, and Amazon.

March 27 Competition 

Federal Trade Commission Chair Lina Khan signals concerns that Big Tech risks suppressing competition in the development of artificial intelligence.

March 27 Cyber 

The White House releases an Executive Order banning US government agencies from employing spyware deemed a threat to national security, following the controversial Pegasus spyware scandal in the European Union.

March 27 Hardware 

Japan announces a deal with the US on critical minerals and electric vehicle batteries, making these Japanese products eligible for US tax credits.

March 27 Hardware 

The Canadian region Saskatchewan announces new policies aimed at increasing investment in province’s critical mineral and rare earths.

March 23 Privacy and Digital Rights

The US House Energy and Commerce Committee grills TikTok CEO Shou Chew, demonstrating bipartisan skepticism of the Chinese social media platform’s security plans.

March 23 Competition

The Federal Trade Commission releases new consumer-protection proposals aimed to make it easy to “Click to Cancel” subscriptions.

March 22 Infrastructure and Telecommunications

Germany’s Interior Ministry warns of a concerning number of close ties between Deutsche Telekom and Huawei, a sign of increasing concern about Chinese threats to German national security.

March 22 Hardware

The White House releases new priorities to boost US biotechnology and domestic biotech-assisted manufacturing, another sign of nearshoring key technology.

March 17 Content Moderation

YouTube restores Donald Trump’s channel following similar moves by Facebook and Twitter.  

March 16 Net Zero Industry Act

The European Commission responds to the US’s green subsidy plan by proposing the Net Zero Industry Act, loosening its strict rules on state aid and antitrust enforcement for climate change projects.

March 16 Critical Raw Minerals Act

The European Commission proposes the Critical and Raw Minerals Act to ensure that by 2030 the EU can produce at least 10% and process at least 40% of strategic materials needed annually.

March 16 Content Moderation

The UK government bans TikTok on government phones, the latest European country to crack down on the Chinese social media app. 

March 15 Privacy and Digital Rights

A Dutch court ruled that Facebook misused data for targeting advertising, requiring the social media company to negotiate a settlement with 190,000 Dutch complainants.

March 14 Artificial Intelligence

OpenAI unveils ChatGPT-4, as the paid latest version of the generative AI popular chatbox, announcing new partnerships with DuoLingo, Morgan Stanley, and Khan Academy. 

March 14 Tech Diplomacy

The EU launches a new Digital Partnership with CELAC focused on developing Latin America’s digital infrastructure and regulatory environment. 

March 14 Layoffs

Meta announces an additional 10,000 layoffs, 13% of the company’s workforce, in a move following CEO Mark Zuckerberg’s inauguration of a “year of efficiency”. 

March 13 Competition

A US Federal Court fines Dish Network with $469 million for infringing patents held by parental-control tech maker ClearPlay.

March 13 Competition

A California Court ruling preserves gig-economy workers’ status as independent contractors, a big win for Uber and Lyft.

March 10 Finance

Silicon Valley Bank collapses after a bank run, endangering the solvency of thousands of entrepreneurs and small businesses in the technology industry. 

March 10 Infrastructure and Telecommunications

Deutsche Bahn, Germany’s main railway company, chooses Huawei to supply most of its communications infrastructure, ignoring concerns over the use of Chinese technology.

March 10 Critical Minerals

European Commission President Ursula Von Der Leyen and US President Joe Biden announce moves to defuse tensions over US clean tech subsidies.

March 9 Hardware

The Netherlands joins the US in expanding export controls on semiconductor technology to China, restricting global leader ASML’s sales.

March 9 Green Subsidies 

Europe relaxes its state aid rules for “green” products, in response to the US Inflation Reduction Act. 

March 8 Content Moderation

The Czech National Cyber and Information Security Agency warns against downloading TikTok, labeling the app a “security threat” and encouraging the public to “think twice” before using it. 

March 7 Critical Minerals

Canada’s Minister of Natural Resources announces more than $344 million in investment in the country’s critical minerals strategy. 

March 7 Artificial Intelligence

Salesforce launches a $250 million fund dedicated to investing in generative AI startups, coinciding with the rollout of Einstein GPT, the company’s own artificial intelligence. 

March 7 Cybersecurity

US Senators introduce the RESTRICT Act, a bill targeting Chinese and foreign investments in the US technology to address national security concerns. The bill empowers the Commerce Department to review and prohibit transactions that pose “undue” risk.

March 7 Privacy and Digital Rights

The Irish Data Protection Commissioner, long criticized for lax enforcement of Europe’s strict privacy rules releases its annual report, describing 17 large-scale inquiries that could result in more than €1 billion in fines. 

March 7 Hardware

Germany reportedly plans to ban Chinese companies Huawei and ZTE from 5G mobile networks over security concerns despite the country’s dependence on Chinese network equipment. 

March 6 Critical Minerals

The Canadian and British Governments announce a new Critical Minerals Supply Chain Dialogue to ramp up their joint transition to clean technology. 

March 6 Privacy and Digital Rights

Meta-owned Whatsapp complies with EU consumer regulations to increase transparency on contract updates, the most recent EU investigation into the apps’ consumer protection practices.

March 3 Competition

The US Commerce Department blacklists two dozen units from Chinese genetic sequencing firm BGI, signaling national security concerns over the use of biotechnology.

March 3 – Cybersecurity

The EU and the US resume cooperation over an agreement to facilitate access to electronic evidence in criminal investigations.

March 2 – Cybersecurity

The Polish government announces it will continue to use TikTok, including for elections, contradicting the European Commission’s recent decision to ban the app from staff devices.

March 2 Privacy

The US Federal Trade Commission fines online counseling service BetterHealth $7.8 billion after misusing sensitive data for advertising, the first major US action to compensate consumers whose health data was compromised. 

March 2 Cybersecurity

The Biden-Harris Administration releases a new National Cybersecurity Strategy calling for new rules to hold “software makers liable for insecure products.”

March 1 – Competition

China attacks EU bans against TikTok, accusing the EU of abusing security to restrict competition from Chinese companies.


February 28 – Competition

The European Commission drops half of the original charges in its competition inquiry looking at Apple’s App Store, a rare narrowing of a European antitrust inquiry.

February 28 – Hardware

The US Department of Commerce bans chipmakers receiving money from the CHIPS & Science Act from expanding capacity in China for ten years – and, among other requirements,  to agree to provide affordable childcare for their workforce.

February 28 – Cybersecurity

The White House gives government agencies 30 days to erase the Chinese-owned app TikTok from federal devices and systems.

February 24 – Cybersecurity

The US Treasury Department sanctions 19 Russian technology executives or cybersecurity companies, six of which have alleged ties to Russian intelligence services.

February 24 – Tech Diplomacy

New York’s US attorney charges Russian national Ilya Balakaev with smuggling electronic devices back to his homeland in violation of US sanctions.

February 23 – Infrastructure and Telecommunications

EU Commissioner Thierry Breton announces a long-awaited “fair share” consultation responding to demands by incumbent European telecom operators that large streaming and internet companies pay a new tax to finance bandwidth investments.

February 23 – Cybersecurity

The EU Commission asks its employees to remove TikTok from their corporate phones and their personal devices with sensitive material.

February 22 – Content Moderation

The US Supreme Court hears arguments about whether Twitter can be sued for aiding a 2017 terrorist attack; like in the previous day’s Google case, judges seem reluctant to hold social media sites liable for dangerous content.

February 21 – Artificial Intelligence

Spotify announces the rollout of “DJ”, its own artificial intelligence personalized guide and commentator on consumer music choices in a move to rival Open AI’s ChatGPT. 

February 21 – Privacy and Digital Rights 

The Irish Data Protection Commission challenges the European Data Protection Board’s recent decisions against Meta which the DPC argues constitute an “overreach.”

February 21 – Content Moderation

The US Supreme Court hears arguments in Gonzalez v. Google, a case about whether the search engine should be liable for recommending terrorist content. Judges expressed skepticism that Google should be held responsible. 

February 17 – Competition

The US Federal Trade Commission launches a new Office of Technology to support its growing number of antitrust suits against tech leaders.  

February 16 Privacy and Digital Rights

Meta begins moving its UK Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp users to US terms of service from the company’s Irish subsidiary, finalizing a decision announced after Brexit. The update will move Meta’s UK users out of the jurisdiction of the EU’s GDPR.

February 16 Infrastructure and Telecommunications

Germany’s Federal Office for Information Security approves Chinese telecommunications provider ZTE’s 5G products. Despite pressure from both Washington and Brussels, Chinese vendors continue to dominate Germany’s telecommunications networks.

February 16 – Cybersecurity and Hardware

The US Justice and Commerce Departments launch an interagency task force designed to limit China, Iran, Russia, and North Korea’s ability to steal advanced US technology.

February 16 Big Tech

YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki steps down for personal reasons. 

February 16 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Germany’s top court declares unconstitutional police usage of Palantir surveillance software in two German regions, Hesse and Hamburg.

February 15 – Infrastructure and Telecommunications

The European Commission approves the creation of a joint venture between Deutsche Telekom, Orange, Telefónica, and Vodafone, allowing them to combine forces to compete against tech companies in digital advertising.

February 14 – Competition

Christine Wilson, the only remaining Republican on the US Federal Trade Commission, resigns and accuses FTC Chair Lina Khan, a Democrat, of “disregard[ing] the rule of law and due process” in a series of antitrust cases against tech companies including, Meta, Amazon, and Microsoft.

February 9 – Cybersecurity

The US and UK issue joint sanctions on the Russian cybercrime group Trickbot, underlining their cooperation in fighting cybercrime. 

February 9 Digital Services Act

Twitter submits an incomplete report to the European Commission about its implementation of a code of conduct on misinterpretation – the only participating company to receive such a failing grade.

February 9 Tech Governance

The EU launches an Information Sharing and Analysis Center to counter Russian and Chinese disinformation. Both Russia and China denounce the move as “censorship.”

February 8 – Digital Services Act

TikTok expects the EU to subject the company to strict regulations under the DSA after surpassing a threshold of active users. 

February 8 – Artificial Intelligence

Microsoft revamps its Bing search engine and Edge web browser using ChatGPT, presenting a direct challenge to Google’s dominance of the online search industry.

February 7 – Competition

The UK’s Competition and Market Authority provisionally concludes Microsoft’s $75 billion acquisition of gaming company Activision Blizzard would stifle competition, concerns shared by the US and EU.

February 7 – Tech Governance

Prime Minister Rishi Sunak creates the Department for Science, Innovation, and Technology as part of a wide-ranging restructuring of UK government ministries.

February 7 Tech Governance

In his second State of the Union speech, US President Joseph Biden calls for Congress to pass legislation increasing algorithmic transparency and limiting targeted advertising aimed at children.

February 7 – Artificial Intelligence

Baidu and Google announce Ernie and Bard, the companies’ respective responses to OpenAI’s ChatGPT, signaling the beginning of an “AI arms race.”

February 6 – Layoffs

Dell Technologies and Disney both announce lay offs of around 7,000 workers, between 3-5% of each company’s workforce, in an effort to cut costs amid restructuring.

February 6 – Artificial Intelligence

Google invests $300 million in artificial intelligence start-up Anthropic, underlining its urgency to respond to the launch of Microsoft-affiliated ChatGPT and integrate AI into its products.

February 2 – Big Tech

Alphabet, Apple, and Amazon stocks drop after poor earnings reports reflect declining consumer demand and persistent supply chain issues.

February 1 – Big Tech

Meta increases its share buyback authorization by $40 billion, surprising the tech industry after three consecutive quarters of declining stock prices.

February 1 – Competition

Meta wins court approval to acquire Within Unlimited, a virtual reality startup, in a blow to the FTC’s suit to block the deal and FTC Commissioner Lina Khan’s broader campaign against Big Tech.

February 1 – Competition

A US National Telecommunications and Information Administration report describes Google and Apple’s dominant app stores as “harmful to developers and consumers.” The report could be cited in efforts to shape future Congressional and antitrust agency action.


January 31 Quantum Computing

The US Defense Department’s DARPA Program names Microsoft as a “Quantum Partner” to build an industrial-scale quantum computer within ten years, part of the US strategy to ensure quantum leadership.

January 31 Tech Diplomacy 

The US and India launch an “initiative on critical and emerging technologies” as Washington moves to make New Dehli a counterbalance against China.

January 30 Hardware

The Biden administration halts all licenses for US companies to export American technology to China’s Huawei, ending a policy of approving shipments of older generation tech to Huawei on a case-by-case basis.

January 26 Digital Currencies

The Office of Science and Technology Policy publishes a request for information on opportunities and needs for R&D related to developing a US Central Bank Digital Currency. 

January 28 – Hardware

In a confidential agreement, the Netherlands and Japan join US restrictions on exporting advanced chip manufacturing equipment to China.

January 27 – Artificial Intelligence

The US and EU sign an agreement to boost research collaboration on the uses of AI in climate, public health, infrastructure, and agriculture policy.

January 25 – Content Moderation

Germany sues Twitter for failure to remove anti-Semitic content.

January 24 – Competition

The US Department of Justice files a lawsuit accusing Google of monopolizing multiple digital advertising technologies.

January 23 – Content Moderation  

France accuses Youtube influencers of promoting dangerous products such as dietary supplements, weight loss programs, cosmetics, and betting services.

January 23 Layoffs

Spotify will lay off around 600 employees, or 6% of its workforce.

January 23 Artificial Intelligence

Microsoft will invest $10 billion in OpenAI’s ChatGPT, a cutting-edge generative AI and popular chat box.

January 20 Layoffs

Google will lay off 12,000 workers (6% of its workforce), the largest layoff in the company’s history.

January 19 – Privacy Rights

Ireland’s Data Protection Committee fines WhatsApp €5.5 million for GDPR violations.

January 18 Layoffs

Microsoft will lay off 10,000 employees, or less than 5% of its workforce. 

January 18 Hardware

European Commission President Ursula Von Der Leyern presented new plans to subsidize clean and green industries in the EU in response to the US Inflation Reduction Act.

January 17 Hardware

British firm Britishvolt building a £3.8 billion EV battery’ factory declares bankruptcy, leaving the UK with a single EV battery factory. 

January 13 – Hardware 

Virginia Governor Glenn Youngkin blocks a proposed Ford Motor Co. EV battery factory over concerns of Chinese dominance in the US battery production industry.

January 13 – Online Commerce

The US House of Representatives creates a Subcommittee on Digital Assets, Financial Technology, and Inclusion aiming to set “clear rules of the road” for federal regulation of cryptocurrency. 

January 12 US-UK Comprehensive Dialogue on Technology & Data

The US and UK convene the inaugural meeting of the US-UK Comprehensive Dialogue on Technology & Data, aiming to boost cooperation on data flows, emerging technologies, and telecommunications.

January 12 Privacy and Digital Rights 

France’s data privacy watchdog CNIL fines TikTok $5.4 million for not giving users the ability to easily refuse cookies on tiktok.com.

January 11 – Privacy and Digital Rights

In an open letter, US President Joe Biden calls for strong regulation of tech companies. But he put forward no specific proposals.

January 11 – Hardware

US computer manufacturer Dell announces it will stop using chips made in China by 2024 and will “significantly reduce” its usage of other Chinese-made components.

January 10 Digital Services Act 

TikTok’s CEO meets with EU officials to discuss the social media platforms’ compliance with the Digital Services Act and recent admissions of user data being sent to China.

January 10 Infrastructure and Telecommunications

The European Commission reportedly requests European telecom providers disclose future cloud investment plans before announcing “fair share” legislation that Big Tech criticizes as an internet traffic tax. 

January 9 Cybersecurity

The US Supreme Court allows Meta to sue NSO Group, an Israeli spyware maker, in a ruling that could boost the odds of success for other lawsuits, like Apple’s, against the spyware firm.

January 4 Privacy and Digital Rights

France’s digital privacy watchdog CNIL fines Apple €8 million for deploying targeted advertising tools on French iPhone users without their consent.  

January 4 Cybersecurity

Chinese researchers claim they can now use quantum computers to break the most common form of online encryption in what experts are calling “one of the biggest” moments in the history of computer security.

January 4 Layoffs

Amazon is laying off more than 18,000 employees, or roughly 1% of its workforce, in the biggest staff reduction in the firm’s history. 

January 4 – Cybersecurity 

The New York State Department of Financial Services fines major crypto-exchange Coinbase $50 million for breaking US anti-money laundering laws with “wide-ranging and long-standing [compliance] failures.”

January 4 – Hardware

The US Department of State establishes the Office of the Special Envoy for Critical and Emerging Technology. 

January 4 – Privacy and Digital Rights

In a ruling that could potentially damage Meta’s targeted advertising business model, Ireland’s Data Protection Commission fines the social media platform €390 million for violating Europe’s GDPR rules.

January 3 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Twitter will relax the platform’s longtime ban on political advertising allowing elected officials and advocacy groups to purchase “cause-based” promotions.

January 2 – Cybersecurity

Dutch Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Micky Adriaansens announces the Netherlands will investigate whether to block a Chinese acquisition of a Dutch chips startup.



December 30 – Cybersecurity

Numerous US states ban, or are investigating banning, TikTok from the devices of state government agencies and employees.

December 28 – Privacy and Digital Rights

A US appeals court revives a lawsuit targeting Google for violating the privacy of children by tracking their YouTube activity without parental consent.  

December 23 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Ireland’s Data Protection Commission launches an investigation of a breach at Twitter that exposed the email addresses and/or telephone numbers of about 5.4 million Twitter users worldwide.

December 23 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Meta settles for $725 million a long-running US class action lawsuit for allowing third parties, including English data firm Cambridge Analytica, to access user personal data.

December 23 – Hardware

Two major Asian chip and electric vehicle battery manufacturers, TSMC and CATL respectively, announce plans to build their first European factories in Germany.

December 22 – Privacy and Digital Rights

ByteDance, the Chinese parent company of TikTok, admits to “inappropriately obtaining” the user data of US journalists, including IP addresses, in an internal leaks investigation.

December 22 – Privacy and Digital Rights

France’s data privacy watchdog CNIL fines Microsoft EUR 60 million for privacy violations stemming from the company’s Bing search engine’s cookies policy.

December 22 – Hardware

UK international trade secretary Kemi Badenoch joins the EU in condemning the Inflation Reduction Act as protectionist for excluding British and EU-made electric cars from US tax benefits.

December 20 – Competition

Amazon officially strikes a deal with the European Commission to settle antitrust charges about favoring its own products on its marketplace. The deal avoids billions of euros of potential fines. 

December 19 – Hardware

The US Treasury Department, under pressure from European countries, delays proposed guidance on sourcing materials for electric vehicle batteries required by the Inflation Reduction Act until March.

December 19 – Competition

The European Commission accuses Meta of unfairly leveraging its social media network to send classified ads to Facebook Marketplace, potentially leading to changes in the company’s business practice and billions of euros of fines.

December 19 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The US Federal Trade Commission settles with Epic Games, creator of Fortnite, over violations of a children’s online privacy law and use of deceptive marketing. The settlements require Epic to pay $520 million in fines and change certain settings and interfaces.

December 19 – Digital Services Act

European Parliament President Roberta Metsola invites Twitter owner Elon Musk to testify before the EU Parliament for a “frank exchange” about the social media platform’s content moderation policies.

December 16 – Digital Markets Act

Apple reportedly will reduce fees and open up its app store to comply with the EU’s Digital Markets Act.

December 16 – Cybersecurity

The US Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency discovers that Russian military hackers, known as Fancy Bear or APT28, infiltrated a US satellite network used in US critical infrastructure.

December 15 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The EU adopts the “European declaration on digital rights” blueprint for legal protections to be enacted over the next decade.

December 15 – Hardware

The Biden administration blacklists chipmaker YMTC, China’s largest memory chip producer, and 36 other major firms in China’s artificial intelligence chip industry, the latest escalation of US efforts to block China’s access to high-end computer chips. 

December 15 – Cybersecurity

Meta bans at least seven surveillance-for-hire firms and calls for increased government action to counter private companies who secretly track users.

December 14 – Content Moderation

Israel’s outgoing Communications Minister Yoaz Hendel proposes regulations, based on the EU’s Digital Services Act, aimed at moderating offensive and illegal content on social media.

December 14 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The OECD adopts the world’s first international agreement on privacy safeguards for personal data accessed by governments for “national security and law enforcement purposes.” The US reportedly floated a clause excluding its digital surveillance practices, but European objections led to the measure being dropped. 

December 14 – Cybersecurity

The US Federal Bureau of Investigation seizes 48 websites and charges six people accused of allowing paying users to launch powerful distributed denial-of-service, or DDoS, cyberattacks.

December 13 – Regulation

EU member states agree to implement the OECD’s proposed global minimum corporate tax of 15% on companies with more than €750 million in annual turnover. 

December 13 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The EU issues a draft adequacy decision endorsing the new EU-US Data Privacy Framework. A final EU adequacy decision, expected by July 2023, will likely be challenged in the European Court of Justice.

December 13 – Hardware

China files a complaint at the World Trade Organization protesting US export controls on advanced chips.

December 13 – Hardware

Japan and the Netherlands plan to join the US in restricting exports of advanced chips to China. 

December 12 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Twitter disbands the Trust & Safety Council, an advisory group of roughly 100 independent researchers and activists consulted on online safety issues.

December 8 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The Court of Justice of the European Union rules that Google must remove data from online search results if users can prove it is inaccurate in a case concerning the “right to be forgotten” online.

December 8 – Cybersecurity

The Greek parliament is set to approve a ban on commercial spyware that includes a two-year minimum prison sentence for the use, sale, or distribution of spyware and new safeguards for legal wiretaps.

December 8 – Competition

The US Federal Trade Commission sues to bar Microsoft from acquiring video game company Activision Blizzard, citing competition concerns. Experts view the lawsuit as a test of FTC Chair Lina Khan’s push to greatly expand US antitrust enforcement powers.

December 7 – Hardware

US Undersecretary for Industry and Security Alan Estevez says that China has relented and will allow inspection of its companies that use US advanced chip technology. Without inspections, the companies faced being put on a US blacklist.

December 6 – Cybersecurity 

Russian state-owned bank VTB suffers the largest cyberattack in its history, which officials described as “an unprecedented cyberattack from abroad.”

December 6 – Competition

According to a Financial Times scoop, Amazon will settle an anti-competition probe with the EU Commission by, among other changes, increasing the visibility of other companies’ products in Amazon’s “buy box.” The agreement would allow Amazon to avoid fines of up to 10% of global revenue.

December 6 – Hardware

Taiwan Semiconductor (TSMC) triples its investment to build a new Arizona chip factory to $40 billion. Apple CEO Tim Cook confirms Apple will use chips from the plant as the company plans to move production out of China.

December 6 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The European Data Protection Board ruled that Meta should stop using users’ data to sell personalized ads, potentially upending the firm’s core business. The social media firm also could face millions of euros in fines.

December 5 – Competition

Meta threatens to remove news from Facebook if the US Congress passes the proposed “Journalism Competition and Preservation Act” which would force the social media network to pay fees to media outlets for their content.

December 5 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Italy’s privacy watchdog fines Clubhouse, an audio-based social media app that gained popularity during COVID-19 lockdowns, 2 million euros for privacy violations.

December 5 – Trade and Technology Council

Officials from the EU and US meet at the University of Maryland for the third ministerial meeting of the TTC, producing a collection of “quiet victories,” but failing to settle big disputes over domestic electric car subsidies and Internet regulation.

December 2 – Infrastructure and Telecommunications

Developers of the world’s first fiber-optic cable across the Arctic seabed secure their first investment for the $1.15 billion project. The cable aims to link Europe and Asia and cut delays in data transmission between the continents by 30%.


November 30 – Competition

One hundred thirty thousand UK businesses file a class-action lawsuit against Google alleging the company’s dominance of online advertising deprived them of “billions in advertising revenue.” 

November 30 – Digital Services Act

EU Internal Market Commissioner Thierry Breton warns Twitter owner Elon Musk in a video call that the social media network must “significantly increase efforts” to comply with the European content moderation rules.

November 29 – Hardware

The EU agrees on a new General Product Safety Regulation which places additional responsibilities and liability on e-commerce marketplaces for dangerous products. 

November 28 – Cybersecurity and Online Commerce

Kraken, a cryptocurrency exchange, agrees to pay $360,000 in a settlement with the US Treasury Department for violating US sanctions on Iran. This follows Treasury fining crypto exchange Bittrex $24 million for sanctions violations.

November 28 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Ireland’s Data Protection Commission fines Meta 265 million euros for GDPR violations stemming from a 2021 data breach.

November 24 – Cybersecurity 

The US Federal Communications Commission bans the import or sale of phones, cameras, and Wi-Fi routers made by Chinese firms Huawei and ZTE citing “an unacceptable risk to [US] national security.”

November 23 – Cybersecurity 

The European Parliament suffers a cyberattack shortly after MEPs overwhelmingly backed a non-binding resolution to designate Russia as a state sponsor of terrorism.

November 23 – Hardware

The EU gives final approval to a regulation mandating a common charger for all mobile devices by fall 2024, forcing Apple and other smartphone manufacturers to adopt the USB-C port.

November 22 – Cybersecurity 

Meta acknowledges that the US military used fake Facebook and Instagram accounts to amplify pro-US messaging in the Middle East and Russia. Experts consider the operation “the most extensive case of covert pro-Western” use of social media to date.

November 22 – Competition

The UK launches an 18-month investigation into Apple and Google’s dominance of mobile browser and app store markets in the country.

November 21 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Digital rights activist Tanya O’Carroll sues Meta over Facebook’s use of “surveillance advertising.” The lawsuit, filed in the UK, seeks a declaration that Meta violated the UK GDPR.

November 17 – Cybersecurity 

The UK blocks a Chinese firm from purchasing Britain’s largest microchip factory under the authority of the UK’s new National Security and Investment Act.

November 17 – Infrastructure and Telecommunications

The EU agrees to spend six billion euros to build a new satellite internet system intended to provide secure communication networks and increased high-speed broadband coverage.

November 14 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Italy’s Data Protection Agency bans facial recognition systems that rely on biometric data with an exception in judicial investigations and “fighting crime.” The European Parliament is considering a similar ban in the EU’s upcoming Artificial Intelligence Act.

November 10 – Cybersecurity

The European Commission announces two new cyber defense plans to combat a “deteriorating security environment” for EU energy networks, transport infrastructure, and space projects. 

November 9 – Cybersecurity

Germany blocks Chinese firms from investing in two German computer chip factories, citing the need to protect “critical production areas.”

November 8 – Competition 
The European Commission opens an investigation into Microsoft’s proposed acquisition of Activision Blizzard in response to concerns that the deal could reduce competition in console and PC distribution markets.

November 8 – Privacy and Digital Rights

A European Parliamentary committee releases a report calling for the EU to receive increased power to combat spyware.

November 4 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Twitter announces massive layoffs as advertisers flee the platform.

November 3 – Competition

Amazon, Lyft, and Stripe announce layoffs as Big Tech reels from a series of declining earnings reports. 

November 1 – Cybersecurity

Representatives from 36 countries and the European Union meet in Washington to strategize ways to combat “ransomware” including setting up a joint task force next year.


October 27 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Elon Musk completes his takeover of Twitter. Although he reassures European policymakers that he will keep the company’s strong content moderation rules, he also has signaled that he might allow banned users including former US President Donald Trump back on the platform.

October 25 – Competition

The European Parliament held hearings on platform work, featuring the Uber whistleblower who supported efforts by lawmakers to force platforms to hire almost all gig workers as full-timers.

October 18 – Competition

Meta agrees to sell Giphy, a search engine for GIFs, responding to an order from the UK’s Competition and Markets Authority (CMA). The case represents the first time antitrust investigators have forced a major tech platform to accept a breakup, although it is partial. 

October 13 – Infrastructure and Telecommunications

The UK orders its telecom network operators to remove equipment made by Chinese firm Huawei from their 5G networks by the end of 2027 and from sites sensitive to national security by January 2023. The new rules implement the UK’s 2020 decision to ban Huawei from its 5G networks.

October 7 – Infrastructure and Telecommunications

Europe’s telephone regulators BEREC publishes research criticizing proposals to make Netflix, Google, and other data-consuming platforms pay the continent’s telecom operators for their Internet infrastructure.

October 7 – Data and Privacy 

President Biden signs an executive order establishing a new transatlantic data privacy framework. The order seeks to assuage European privacy concerns by setting new requirements for US intelligence collection and creating a US court to review and redress violations. But privacy activists are already threatening to file a new case before European courts to invalidate a transatlantic data deal.

October 7 – Digital Markets Act

MEP Andreas Schwab of Germany announces the DMA will be published in the EU’s Official Journal on Wednesday, October 12. The DMA will enter into force 20 days later, beginning a six-month period adjustment period before the rules apply. Compliance enforcement will begin around March 2024 after gatekeeper platforms are designated in mid-2023. 

October 7 – Hardware

The Biden administration releases two sweeping export control rules aimed at limiting China’s access to dual-use semiconductor chips made with US technology. The rules are a significant escalation of US efforts to stymie Chinese tech innovation and will most likely face backlash in Europe.

October 4 Hardware

The European Parliament approves a plan that requires all mobile devices sold in the EU, including smartphones, tablets, and laptops, to use a USB-C charging port. The law is expected to make Apple switch to USB-C ports in all future iPhones sold worldwide.

October 4 Digital Services Act

The European Council gives final approval for the EU’s Digital Services Act, formally adopting the legislation.

October 4  Privacy and Digital Rights

The Biden administration released its blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights, outlining five principles seeking to ensure accountability for automated systems. Critics say it is a non-binding white paper that will have little influence.

October 3 Privacy and Digital Rights

The US Supreme Court agrees to hear Gonzalez v. Google LLC, the first time the court will evaluate liability protections provided to tech platforms by Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act. The lawsuit could stop platforms like YouTube from recommending content to users, a critical part of their business model.

October 3  Privacy and Digital Rights

The US and UK’s “Access to Electronic Data for the Purpose of Countering Serious Crime” agreement entered into force, streamlining the process for law enforcement in each country to request and send data for criminal investigations.


September 29  Infrastructure and Telecommunications

The US’s Doreen Bogdan-Martin defeated a Russian candidate in an election to lead the UN’s International Telecommunication Union (ITU) for the next four years. The election pitted a Western vision of a democratic, open internet against authoritarian countries’ government-controlled approach. 

September 28 Regulation

The European Commission proposed new liability rules which would allow victims of artificial intelligence-powered software and products to sue for compensation.

September 19 Hardware

The European Commission proposed an emergency tool to protect supply chains in times of crisis, including requiring the stockpiling of critical materials to develop electronics, including rare earth minerals and semiconductors.

September 16 Privacy and Digital Rights

The European Commission proposed a Media Freedom act to protect media companies from authoritarian governments. But some press groups expressed concern that the new rules could give regulators too much power to meddle in the free press.

September 15 Cybersecurity 

The US Senate unanimously confirms Nathaniel C. Fick as the inaugural Ambassador at Large for Cyberspace and Digital Policy. Ambassador Fick will lead the US State Department’s Bureau of Cyberspace and Digital Policy which was created in April to negotiate international cybersecurity partnerships.

September 14 Antitrust

The State of California sued Amazon, accusing the company of anticompetitive business practices. This lawsuit marks the most significant legal challenge the company has faced in the United States, building upon existing legal pressure from European regulators.

September 14 Competition

A European Union court upheld a record EUR 4.34 billion fine against Google for illegally using its Android mobile phone operating system to secure the dominance of its search engine. The victory came after a pair of stinging court losses in antitrust cases against Intel and Qualcomm.

September 9 Competition

European Commissioner Thierry Breton announced a consultation on whether large US tech companies should pay a special tax to European telecom companies for use of their networks.

September 8 Competition

The White House released a set of “Principles for Enhancing Competition and Tech Platform Accountability” designed to reform the US’ key intermediary liability law Section 230. But Congress looks unlikely to enact them into legislation.

September 1 Privacy

The California State legislature passed the California Age-Appropriate Design Code Act requiring platforms to vet their products for potential threats to child privacy before rolling them out.

September 1 Competition

The UK opened an antitrust investigation into Microsoft’s planned purchase of video game studio Activision Blizzard.


August 24 Regulation

California voted to ban the sale of gasoline-powered cars from 2035.

August 23 Cybersecurity

Twitter deceived regulators about “deficiencies” in its defenses against hackers and spam, according to a whistleblower complaint from its former security chief.

August 22 – Privacy

Noways’ data authority recommends fining Meta for continuing transatlantic data transfers after a European court ruling outlawing them. The US and EU are continuing negotiations for a replacement of Privacy Shield, the now annulled data sharing agreement across the Atlantic.

August 19 – Cybersecurity

Estonia repelled a major cyberattack launched by Russia-aligned hackers, showing how much progress it has made since a similar attack in 2007 paralyzed some of its public institutions.

August 7 – Hardware

The US Senate passed the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 dedicating almost $400 billion over ten years to promote technology fighting climate change, encouraging consumers to buy electric vehicles and jolting utilities to use wind and solar renewables.

August 3 Competition

The UK’s competition authority approved an $8.6 billion merger between the United States NortonLifeLock and the Czech Republic’s Avast, two leading cybersecurity firms. Significant competition remains in the cybersecurity market, with Microsoft increasing its offerings and McAfee and other small players present, the authorities explained.

August 1 Privacy

In a ruling that increases the danger of a transatlantic split over abortion data, the European Court of Justice found that data that can be used to reveal a person’s sexual orientation or identity is protected under the continent’s GDPR privacy rules.


July 29 Hardware

After the Senate, the US House of Representatives passes the Chips and Science Act of 2022, providing $39 billion for semiconductor manufacturing and billions more in tech research. It’s the first major tech policy initiative of the Biden Administration and a rare show of bipartisan consensus.

July 29 Competition

As investors ponder the depth of a tech slowdown,  US tech firms present their second-term earnings, with Alphabet, Microsoft, and Meta missing estimates. But the results are better than expected and their stocks rise.

July 29 Competition

US Big Tech firms present their earnings for the second quarter this week. Netflix and Snap had already announced their results, with the former losing subscribers, but fewer than expected, and the latter not “satisfied” with its results. Both Alphabet and Microsoft miss their estimates, but the damage isn’t as bad as many estimators feared. Meta Platforms also share disappointing earnings.

July 28 Privacy and Digital Rights

The European Commission publishes its annual Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI), showing the Nordics still leading but countries such as Greece and Poland catching up.

July 28 Competition

The European Commission announces plans to open a new tech office in San Francisco, designed to dialogue with Silicon Valley about compliance with the new Digital Services and Markets Regulations. 

July 27 Competition

The Federal Trade Commission filed suit to block Meta’s acquisition of a small virtual reality company Within, marking Commissioner Lina Kahn’s first major action and a move that pushes the boundaries of antitrust action.

July 21 Privacy and Digital Rights

The UK and the US sign a law enforcement data pact, with the UK becoming the first European country to enter into such an agreement with the US.

July 18 – Competition

The European Council approves the Digital Markets Act (DMA), marking the final step to passage. It goes into effect in six months.

July 7 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Ireland’s data protection authority orders Meta to stop sending user data from the EU to the US. While data transfers won’t stop immediately, the decision will trigger a vote among European data protection authorities. The announcement comes four months after the EU and the US agreed to a new Privacy Shield, designed to address the concerns around transatlantic data flows.

July 6 – Competition

Germany designates Amazon as “paramount significance for competition,” making it the third large US tech company after Alphabet and Meta to be subject to new German national antitrust rules, which show that national authorities will continue to push their own cases even before the DMA enters into force. Amazon will now be required to share more information with its third-party merchants using its platform, among other obligations.

July 5 – Digital Markets Act / Digital Services Act

The European Parliament formally adopts the landmark Digital Markets Act targeting the largest tech companies, and the Digital Services Act, increasing responsibilities for tech to fight illegal content. The acts will come into force in 2023.


June 30 – Online Commerce

The EU agrees on new rules to regulate cryptocurrencies, with the goal of eliminating their use for money laundering.

June 23 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Italy becomes the third European country after Austria and France to prohibit Google Analytics,  judging that it unlawfully transfers data to the United States. The decision underlines the continued uncertainty of transatlantic data flows despite the announcement of a new Privacy Shield deal earlier this spring.

June 21 – Competition

France’s national competition authority approves Google’s proposed commitments to press publishers under the EU’s new copyright rules. The decision comes a year after France’s competition authorities fined the search engine EUR 500 million.

June 16 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The European Commission updates its Code of Practice on Disinformation, requiring social media networks, among other voluntary commitments, to increase cooperation with fact-checkers and allow researchers access to their data.

June 7 – Online Commerce

Two key US Senators propose a bipartisan bill to regulate cryptocurrencies, eliminating taxes on small scare purchases, and opening the way to treating crypto like a regular currency. The full Congress still needs to approve.

June 7 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The European Union’s terrorist content regulation enters into force, requiring social media and other online content platforms to take down content that authorities identify as glorifying or promoting terrorism. In some cases, platforms must act within an hour to remove the content or face a fine.

June 7 – Hardware

The European Union agrees that smartphones and tablets sold in the EU must use a common USB-C charging port, starting in the fall of 2024. Apple sought to keep using its proprietary Lightning charging port.

June 3 – Privacy and Digital Rights

US Congressional leaders released a draft of the American Data Privacy and Protection Act, a bipartisan proposal to create a federal privacy standard. The draft proposal, if successful, would end more than 50 years of deadlock on US privacy rights.


May 31 – Competition

The US Supreme Court suspends a law introduced by the Texas state government which would have prevented social media platforms from removing user content based on political views.

May 17 – Cybersecurity

The Justice Department announces a revised policy that creates an exception for good-faith security researchers to not be prosecuted under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986.

May 16 – Trade and Technology Council

EU and US officials conclude the second Trade and Technology Council meeting in Paris. This forum was initially positioned transatlantic counterweight to China but has shifted a clear focus to combat Russia. Read the final statement here.

May 13 – Cybersecurity

EU bodies agree on the details of the Network and Information Security Directive (NIS2 Directive), a new law forcing critical industries to improve their cyber resilience.

May 11 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The European Commission publishes its draft proposal to combat child sexual abuse online through widespread obligations on major tech platforms to find, report, and remove such content. However, tech executives and some MEPs fear that the Act would strip away basic privacy protections.

May 3 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The European Commission publishes its proposed European Health Data Space, a regulation that would align health data-sharing practices across the bloc. Proponents claim it will expand healthcare and innovation and unlock €11 billion in economic gains while critics fear that technical and political challenges will limit its benefits.

May 2 – Competition

German competition authorities designate Meta as a “digital firm of paramount significance,” lowering the threshold for future anti-trust action.


April 28 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The US, European Commission, and 54 other governments endorse the Declaration for the Future of the Internet, a non-binding pledge to ensure internet freedom, protect privacy rights, and avoid the use of algorithms and mis/disinformation to infringe on civil liberties.

April 26 – Online Commerce

The EU’s top court rules against the Polish government’s effort to strike down a core component of the 2019 Copyright Directive that forces major platforms to check user uploads for pirated content.

April 23 – Digital Services Act

Europe finalizes its signature legislation forcing social media platforms to combat misinformation and restrict certain online ads or face billions in fines.

April 6 – Data Governance Act

The European Parliament approves the rules aimed at increasing data sharing within Europe, paving the way for formal adoption.

April 4 – Cybersecurity

The State Department launches its Bureau of Cyberspace and Digital Policy tasked with negotiating international cybersecurity partnerships.


March 30 – Online Commerce

The European Commission proposes new ecodesign rules, its latest move in an effort to increase the responsibility of online platforms to ensure that products sold online minimize their impact on the environment.  

March 29 – Competition

A French court fines Google €2 million for engaging in abusive commercial practices by imposing unfair clauses on independent app developers.

March 25 – Privacy Shield

US President Joe Biden and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen strike an agreement in principle on a revamped “Privacy Shield” data transfer agreement. Details are left to be filled in by the end of the year. Privacy campaigner Max Shrems derides it as “lipstick on a pig.” 

March 24 – Digital Markets Act

Europe finalizes its signature legislation to corral what it calls gatekeepers, large US companies such as Google, Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Microsoft. All will face extensive new obligations and restrictions – and risk fines of up to 20% of their worldwide turnover. 

March 11 – Competition

The European Commission opens a case against Google and Facebook for anti-competitive behavior in display advertising.

March 9 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Italy’s data protection authority fines Clearview AI €20 million for privacy violations, orders it to delete all data processed from Italian citizens, and bans it from collecting any facial biometrics.


February 23 – Data Act

The European Commission proposes new rules about transferring data between businesses, governments, and consumers. It aims to ease access to data collected by tech companies. But critics fear increased security risks and building new barriers to reducing competition between major technology firms. 

February 10 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The US Senate Judiciary Committee passes the EARN IT Act that would require the scanning of digital devices for Child Sexual Abuse material. Supporters argue that children must be protected, but critics worry about compromising security, encryption, and privacy.

February 8 – European Chips Act

In one of the most ambitious state-funded industrial schemes, the European Commission proposes to spend €43 billion subsidizing the European production of semiconductors. 


January 26 – Competition

Intel wins its appeal against a $1.2 billion fine issued by the European Commission in 2009 for anti-competitive behavior, in a major loss for EU competition authorities. The Luxembourg-based General Court which granted the appeal found that the Commission failed to prove that Intel’s actions produced anticompetitive effects.

January 20 – Digital Services Act

The European Parliament approves its version, which goes beyond the original proposal. Parliament wants a ban on dark patterns and introduces strict restrictions on services targeting minors. But it backs away from making Internet Platforms filter their sites or make them liable for products and services offered by third parties.  

January 13 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Austria’s data protection authority rules that Google Analytics violates the European privacy GDPR rules, opening the door for similar action by other EU countries.

January 10 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Europe’s data watchdog orders Europol, the EU’s law enforcement agency, to remove all data for individuals unaffiliated with criminal activity, finding that the law enforcement agency’s data policies violate European privacy law.

January 5 – Competition

German competition authorities rule that Google benefits from “paramount significance across markets,” a move to impose restrictions on the search engine.



December 14 – Digital Services Act

The European Parliament’s Internal Market Committee adopts the Act, paving the way for a final Parliamentary vote. The committee version expands on the original proposal by introducing more robust transparency obligations, new provisions against dark patterns, and banning micro-targeting for minors. 

December 10 – Data Governance Act

EU officials reach an agreement on the Data Governance Act, aimed at easing the reuse of public sector data. 

December 9 – Competition

Italy’s competition authority fines Amazon almost €1.13 billion for abusing its dominant position to force third-party merchants to use its warehouse and delivery services.

December 9 – Online Commerce

The European Commission proposes requiring Uber, Deliveroo, and other platforms to treat most gig workers as employees.  

December 4 – Digital Markets Act

US Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo lashes out against Europe’s proposed legislation, criticizing its  “disproportionate” impact on US tech companies.  


November 29 – Privacy and Digital Rights/Competition

Italy’s competition authority fines Google and Apple €10 million each for “aggressive practices” in their commercial use of user data.

November 23 – Competition

Italy’s competition authority fines Amazon €68.7 million and Apple €134.5 million for colluding to restrict the resale of Apple products on Amazon.

November 23 – Digital Market Act

The European Parliament’s Internal Market Committee adopts the Act, paving the way for a full parliamentary vote. Compared to the European Commission’s initial proposal, this version reduces the number of gatekeepers while increasing the list of digital markets subject to regulation.  

November 10 – Digital Markets Act

Ambassadors from the EU’s Member States adopt their position on the Act, paving the way for trialogue negotiations. Their version reduces the time for designating gatekeepers and expands upon the role of national courts and regulatory authorities.   

November 10 – Competition

Google loses an appeal against a €2.8 billion antitrust decision, a major win for Europe’s competition chief, who accused the search engine of leveraging its own price comparison shopping service to gain an unfair advantage over smaller European rivals.


October 21 – Competition

The US reaches a compromise with five European countries after a dispute over taxes on American tech giants.  

October 8 – Competition

Governments around the globe agree on a sweeping overhaul of global corporate tax rules, signaling a new approach to tackling the taxation of digital companies in countries where they sell their products.  If successful, Europe agrees to drop its plans for a digital levy.  

October 1 – Data Governance Act

EU’s Member States adopt their position. They expand on the original Commission proposal by removing references to cloud service providers, adding codes of conduct for “data altruism,” empowering national authorities to share public-held data, and setting moderate penalties for non-compliance.


September 29 – Trade and Technology Council

Europe and the US leaders meet in Pittsburgh and launch a new initiative designed to facilitate transatlantic cooperation. The next meeting is scheduled for May 2022 in Paris. 

September 2 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Ireland’s data protection authority fines WhatsApp €225 million over the app’s lack of transparency surrounding its data-sharing practices with other Meta companies.


July 22 – Data Governance Act

The European Parliament’s Industry, Research and Energy Committee adopts the Data Act, calling for the establishment of a Data Innovation Advisory Council, expanding the initially proposed oversight body to include academics, private industry, and civil society. 

July 1 – Online Commerce

New Value-Added Tax (VAT) rules for online shopping enter into force, requiring marketplaces to collect the tax on behalf of their merchants. Consumers receive extra charges to receive packages.


June 20 – Online Commerce

The European Commission proposes a new regulation that would increase responsibilities for e-commerce marketplaces to ensure that no dangerous products are sold on their platform.  

June 3 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The European Commission proposes new rules to ease digital identification across its 27 member states.  

June 1 – Digital Markets Act

Lead Rapporteur, MEP Andreas Schwab, submits his draft report on the proposed Act to the European Parliament’s Internal Market Committee. He proposes narrowing the definition of “gatekeepers” to target major US tech firms (Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon, and Microsoft).

June 1 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Europe’s new copyright law comes into effect, increasing pressure on digital platforms to pay rightsholders to link to their content.


May 28 – Digital Services Act

Lead Rapporteur, MEP Christel Schaldemose, submits her draft report on the proposed Act to the European Parliament’s Internal Market Committee. She calls for making online marketplaces liable for all products listed for sale.  

May 12 – Competition

Europe’s General Court dismisses the Commission’s antitrust case against Amazon on the basis that it received preferential tax treatment in Luxembourg, in a blow to Brussel’s antitrust agenda.

May 6 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Microsoft announces that it will store and process EU data within the EU as a result of the continued fallout from the Schrems II decision on transatlantic data flows.


April 23 – Infrastructure and Telecommunications

Germany, one of the last holdouts, joins most other European countries in labeling the Chinese telecommunications company a security risk.  

April 21 – AI Act

The European Commission publishes its draft proposal to regulate Artificial intelligence. It would designate various types of programming as high and low risk and impose restrictions on “high-risk” AI applications, such as facial recognition. 


February 12 – Privacy and Digital Rights

Sweden’s data protection authority issues a €250,000 to police authorities for their use of Clearview AI facial recognition technologies in violation of national data laws.



December 16 – Cybersecurity

The European Commission proposes cybersecurity rules to toughen the bloc’s defenses of critical infrastructure. But a planned certification system proves controversial, with critics fearing it could undermine security.  

December 15 – Digital Services Act

The European Commission publishes its draft proposal to oblige platforms to combat illegal content, non-transparent advertising practices, and disinformation. Non-compliant platforms would face fines of up to 6% of annual revenue. 

December 15 – Digital Markets Act

The European Commission publishes its draft proposal to monitor and prevent major platforms from engaging in anti-competitive behavior. The proposed Act would ban, among other practices, digital “gatekeepers” from self-preferencing.  Platforms could face fines of up to 10% of annual global revenue. 

December 10 – Privacy and Digital Rights

France’s data protection authority hands out its largest fines to date, issuing penalties of €100 million to Google and €35 million to Amazon Web Services for failing to obtain user consent to collect personal data.


November 25 – Data Governance Act

The European Commission publishes its draft proposal to facilitate the sharing of non-personal and industrial data across the EU. 


October 15 – Infrastructure and Telecommunications

European MEPs label Chinese telecommunications company Huawei a security threat.  

October 14 – Privacy and Digital Rights

French courts rule that Microsoft could not transfer personal health data outside of the EU, even though the government had contracted it to host the information.


July 16 – Competition

The European General Court rules in favor of Apple, finding that the US tech firm did not unlawfully benefit from Ireland’s corporate tax laws, denying the European Commission a claim of €13 billion in back taxes.

July 15 – Privacy Shield

The European Court of Justice invalidates the EU-US Privacy Shield agreement, saying that US surveillance violates European privacy rights established under Europe’s GDPR privacy law. This ruling threatens transatlantic data flows.


June 23 – Online Commerce

Germany’s Federal Supreme Court orders Facebook to stop sharing data across WhatsApp and Instagram.

June 23 – Online Commerce

Norway’s Supreme Court rules in favor of Apple that independent firms violated trademark rules by using cheaper repair parts, in a move condemned by “right to repair” groups.


February 4 – Privacy and Digital Rights

The Irish Data Protection Commission launches a formal investigation into Google over how the company processes user location data.