NATO’s Brussels Summit in July was marked by transactional discourse around the 2% benchmark. Certainly, the Alliance requires a baseline level of defense spending and must improve the readiness, maintenance, and modernization of Alliance capabilities.

But the 2% should not be the only metric of burden-sharing. It is, in fact, an inadequate measure of real military value. Moving forward, NATO should consider a more sophisticated approach to burdensharing that builds on Alliance cohesion and incentivizes greater participation.

In CEPA’s latest Intelligence Brief, Targeting 2%: The Logistics of a More Sophisticated Approach to Burden-Sharing, Pershing Chair LTG (Ret.) Ben Hodges and Carsten Schmiedl outline the next steps towards reframing the Alliance’s burden-sharing framework to meet the threats of tomorrow.


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