The security of the Baltic Sea region will continue to be determined by the climate of east-west relations and EU-NATO cohesion.
In the Baltic Sea region Russia has strengthened its quantitative and qualitative advantage.
The United States and its allies are in the process of a contentious, protracted, and belated effort to assess and respond to the threats from Russia and China, amid disruptive economic, technological, and public health challenges.
The Kremlin aims to be the dominant power in Eurasia, using Russia’s size to exert strong influence over its neighbors and to bargain with big countries on an equal basis.
Russia’s military capabilities and plans, coupled with the changing nature of warfare and the disadvantageous topography of the Baltic states, shape the strategic outlook for the Baltic Sea region.
Alliance credibility — or lack of it — is, therefore, the key factor in regional security. It should not be taken for granted.
The operational and strategic roles of the different headquarters involved in the Baltic Sea region are unclear, and to outsiders even bewildering.
The security of the Atlantic alliance and all its member states is only as strong as that of its weakest and most peripheral members.
Moving Mountains for Europe’s Defense
Anticipating a Changing Geostrategic Environment