The restoration of empire. A multipolar world led by great powers. Spheres of influence. Personalized rule. An authoritarian and patrimonial state. Support for so-called traditional values. And something called sovereign democracy.

All of these things have been associated with something we have come to call Putinism. But does it all add up to an ideology?

On this week’s Power Vertical Podcast, I unpack Putinism and its challenge to the West with Leon Aron, a resident scholar and director of Russian studies at the American Enterprise Institute.