Anne Applebaum is a historian, journalist and columnist for the Washington Post and Slate, as well as a regular contributor to the New York Review of Books, the Spectator and many other publications. In addition, she runs the Transitions Forum at the Legatum Institute in London, lectures widely, and from 2012-2013 held the Phillipe Roman chair in History and International Affairs at the London School of Economics (LSE). Her book, Gulag: A History (2004), was nominated for a National Book Award and won the 2004 Pulitzer Prize for non-fiction. Her most recent book, Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe, 1944-1956 (2013), was also nominated for a National Book Award and won the 2013 Cundill Prize for historical literature. She is a graduate of Yale University and the LSE.